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Mechanisms, laws and explanation

Cartwright, Nancy and Pemberton, John M. and Wieten, Sarah (2020) Mechanisms, laws and explanation. [Preprint]

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Abstract

Mechanisms are now taken widely in philosophy of science to provide one of modern science’s basic explanatory devices. This has raised lively debate concerning the relationship between mechanisms, laws and explanation. This paper focuses on cases where a mechanism gives rise to a ceteris paribus law, addressing two inter-related questions: (1) What kind of explanation is involved? and (2) What is going on in the world when mechanism M affords behavior B described in a ceteris paribus law? We explore various answers offered by ‘new mechanists’ and others before setting out and explaining our own answers: (1) mechanistic explanations are a species of old-fashioned covering-law explanation and this often accounts in part for their explanatory power; and (2) B is what it takes for some set of principles that govern the features of M’s parts in their arrangement in M all to be instanced together.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Cartwright, Nancynancy.cartwright@durham.ac.uk0000-0002-0873-6966
Pemberton, John M.J.Pemberton@lse.ac.uk0000-0002-6709-4908
Wieten, Sarahwietens@gmail.com0000-0002-7848-8574
Keywords: mechanism; law; explanation; covering law explanation; mechanistic explanation
Subjects: General Issues > Explanation
General Issues > Laws of Nature
Depositing User: Mr John M. Pemberton
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2020 05:04
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2020 05:04
Item ID: 16954
Subjects: General Issues > Explanation
General Issues > Laws of Nature
Date: 26 February 2020
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/16954

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