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An Application of Information Theory to the Problem of the Scientific Experiment

Badino, Massimiliano (2004) An Application of Information Theory to the Problem of the Scientific Experiment. UNSPECIFIED.

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Abstract

There are two basic approaches to the problem of induction: the empirical one, which deems that the possibility of induction depends on how the world was made (and how it works) and the logical one, which considers the formation (and function) of language. The first is closer to being useful for induction, while the second is more rigorous and clearer. The purpose of this paper is to create an empirical approach to induction that contains the same formal exactitude as the logical approach. This requires: a) that the empirical conditions for the induction are enunciated and b) that the most important results already obtained from inductive logic are again demonstrated to be valid. Here we will be dealing only with induction by elimination, namely the analysis of the experimental confutation of a theory. The result will be a rule of refutation that takes into consideration all of the empirical aspect of the experiment and has each of the asymptotic properties which inductive logic has shown to be characteristic of induction.


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Badino, Massimiliano
Additional Information: This paper is the author-created version of a paper published on Synthese, 3, 140, 355–389, 2004 (http://www.kluweronline.com/issn/0039-7857). I'm indebted with the Springer Verlag for permission.
Keywords: Information theory, ergodic theory, induction, experiment
Subjects: General Issues > Confirmation/Induction
Depositing User: Dr. Massimiliano Badino
Date Deposited: 14 Jul 2004
Last Modified: 07 Oct 2010 15:12
Item ID: 1830
Public Domain: Yes
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/1830

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