PhilSci Archive

Cognitive Ontology and the Search for Neural Mechanisms: Three Foundational Problems

Francken, Jolien C. and Slors, Marc and Craver, Carl F. (2020) Cognitive Ontology and the Search for Neural Mechanisms: Three Foundational Problems. [Preprint]

[img] Text
PoS_version.docx

Download (893kB)
[img]
Preview
Image
image2.png

Download (27kB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Image
image1.png

Download (35kB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Image
image3.png

Download (486kB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Image
image4.png

Download (247kB) | Preview

Abstract

Mapping cognitive capacities on neural mechanisms faces three interlocking problems. First, when do different tasks elicit similar cognitive capacities? To address this operationalization problem, scientists often assess whether tasks engage the same neural mechanisms. To determine whether mechanisms are of the same kind, however, we need to solve the abstraction problem by determining which physical differences we can gloss over, and the boundary problem by distinguishing the mechanism from its background conditions. Solving these problems requires understanding how cognitive capacities are elicited in tasks. We argue that this ‘cycle of kinds’ is an iterative process that yields progress only incrementally.


Export/Citation: EndNote | BibTeX | Dublin Core | ASCII/Text Citation (Chicago) | HTML Citation | OpenURL
Social Networking:
Share |

Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Francken, Jolien C.j.c.francken@uva.nl
Slors, Marcm.slors@ftr.ru.nl
Craver, Carl F.ccraver@wustl.edu
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology
Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science
General Issues > Experimentation
General Issues > Natural Kinds
Specific Sciences > Neuroscience
General Issues > Operationalism/Instrumentalism
Specific Sciences > Psychology
General Issues > Reductionism/Holism
General Issues > Theory/Observation
Depositing User: Dr. Jolien C. Francken
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2020 16:00
Last Modified: 16 Dec 2020 16:00
Item ID: 18517
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology
Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science
General Issues > Experimentation
General Issues > Natural Kinds
Specific Sciences > Neuroscience
General Issues > Operationalism/Instrumentalism
Specific Sciences > Psychology
General Issues > Reductionism/Holism
General Issues > Theory/Observation
Date: 6 October 2020
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/18517

Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Monthly Downloads for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item