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A mistaken confidence in data

Machery, Edouard (2021) A mistaken confidence in data. [Preprint]

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Abstract

In this paper I explore an underdiscussed factor contributing to the replication crisis: Scientists, and following them policy makers, often neglect sources of errors in the production and interpretation of data and thus overestimate what can be learnt from them. This neglect leads scientists to conduct experiments that are insufficiently informative and science consumers, including other scientists, to put too much weight on experimental results. The former leads to fragile empirical literatures, the latter to surprise and disappointment when the fragility of the empirical basis of some disciplines is revealed.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Machery, Edouardmachery@pitt.edu0000-0002-9944-6138
Additional Information: Forthcoming in the European Journal for Philosophy of Science
Keywords: replication, measurement, errors
Subjects: General Issues > Data
Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science
General Issues > Experimentation
Specific Sciences > Medicine
Depositing User: Prof. Edouard Machery
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2021 21:33
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2021 21:33
Item ID: 18712
Subjects: General Issues > Data
Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science
General Issues > Experimentation
Specific Sciences > Medicine
Date: 12 February 2021
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/18712

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