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Une ontologie dispositionnelle du risque

Grenier, Olivier and Barton, Adrien (2021) Une ontologie dispositionnelle du risque. Lato Sensu, revue de la Société de philosophie des sciences, 8 (2). pp. 58-69. ISSN 2295-8029

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Abstract

Risk is an ubiquitous entity in the biomedical domain. Thus, a coherent ontological characterization of risk, which can be used by informatical tools named "applied ontologies", is necessary to help with the exchange and the collection of data for clinical and research uses. We analyze some definitions of risk and draw two general characteristics that risks and dispositions share. We thus suggest that a risk is a disposition which has an undesirable realization for an agent. This definition conciliates the objective dimension and the subjective dimension of risk : a risk exist independantly of our knowledge about it, but the status of risk of a given disposition for an agent depends of the preferences of this agent.


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Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Grenier, Olivierolivier.grenier@usherbrooke.ca
Barton, Adrienadrien.barton@gmail.com
Keywords: risk, applied ontology, disposition, causality, preferences
Subjects: General Issues > Scientific Metaphysics
General Issues > Causation
Specific Sciences > Computation/Information
General Issues > Decision Theory
Depositing User: Lato Sensu
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2021 03:56
Last Modified: 25 Apr 2021 03:56
Item ID: 18943
Journal or Publication Title: Lato Sensu, revue de la Société de philosophie des sciences
Publisher: Société de philosophie des sciences
Official URL: https://ojs.uclouvain.be/index.php/latosensu/artic...
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.20416/LSRSPS.V8I2.6
Subjects: General Issues > Scientific Metaphysics
General Issues > Causation
Specific Sciences > Computation/Information
General Issues > Decision Theory
Date: 6 April 2021
Page Range: pp. 58-69
Volume: 8
Number: 2
ISSN: 2295-8029
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/18943

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