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On Glasses Half Full or Half Empty. Understanding Framing Effects in Terms of Default Implicatures

Caamaño-Alegre, María (2021) On Glasses Half Full or Half Empty. Understanding Framing Effects in Terms of Default Implicatures. [Preprint]

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Abstract

The variations in how subjects respond to positively or negatively framed descriptions of the same issue have received attention from social science research, where, nevertheless, a not fully developed understanding of speech interpretation has undermined the different explanations offered. The present paper explores the semantic-pragmatic side of framing effects and provides an explanation of this phenomenon in terms of a combined effect of pragmatic presuppositions and default implicatures. The paper contributes to a more comprehensive understanding of representations and cognitive processes involved in the framing bias by showing how well-entrenched linguistic practices associated to frame choice, and conducive to an implicit focus, result in default implicatures on the addressee’s side.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Caamaño-Alegre, Maríamcaamano2@gmail.com
Keywords: valence framing effects, default implicature, pragmatic presupposition, complement set, focus, polarity
Subjects: General Issues > Decision Theory
General Issues > Evidence
General Issues > Experimentation
General Issues > History of Philosophy of Science
Depositing User: Dr. Maria Caamano
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2021 15:14
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2021 15:14
Item ID: 19213
Subjects: General Issues > Decision Theory
General Issues > Evidence
General Issues > Experimentation
General Issues > History of Philosophy of Science
Date: 21 June 2021
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/19213

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