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Empirical Evidence for Extended Cognitive Systems

Favela, Luis H. and Amon, Mary Jean and Lobo, Lorena and Chemero, Anthony (2021) Empirical Evidence for Extended Cognitive Systems. Cognitive Science, 45 (e13060). pp. 1-27.

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Abstract

We present an empirically supported theoretical and methodological framework for quantifying the system-level properties of person-plus-tool interactions in order to answer the question: “Are person- plus-tool-systems extended cognitive systems?” Nineteen participants provided perceptual judgments regarding their ability to pass through apertures of various widths while using visual information, blindfolded wielding a rod, or blindfolded wielding an Enactive Torch—a vibrotactile sensory-substitution device for detecting distance. Monofractal, multifractal, and recurrence quantification analyses were conducted to assess features of person-plus-tool movement dynamics. Trials where people utilized the rod or Enactive Torch demonstrated stable “self-similarity,” or indices of healthy and adaptive single systems, regardless of aperture width, trial order, features of the participants’ judgments, and participant characteristics. Enactive Torch trials exhibited a somewhat greater range of dynamic fluctuations than the rod trials, as well as less movement recurrence, suggesting that the Enactive Torch allowed for more exploratory movements. Findings provide support for the notion that person-plus-tool systems can be classified as extended cognitive systems and a framework for quantifying system-level properties of these systems. Implications concerning future research on extended cognition are discussed.


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Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Favela, Luis H.luis.favela@ucf.edu0000-0002-6434-959X
Amon, Mary Jeanmary.jean.amon@ucf.edu0000-0003-0026-7568
Lobo, Lorenalorena.lobo.navas@gmail.com0000-0002-2697-3244
Chemero, Anthonyanthony.chemero@uc.edu0000-0001-5987-4106
Keywords: Enactive Torch; Extended cognition; Nonlinear dynamics; Recurrence; Self-similarity; Sensory substitution
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Complex Systems
Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science
Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science > Perception
Specific Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Dr. Luis H. Favela
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2021 21:51
Last Modified: 25 Nov 2021 21:51
Item ID: 19928
Journal or Publication Title: Cognitive Science
Publisher: Wiley
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/cogs.13060
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1111/cogs.13060
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Complex Systems
Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science
Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science > Perception
Specific Sciences > Psychology
Date: November 2021
Page Range: pp. 1-27
Volume: 45
Number: e13060
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/19928

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