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Unity of Science

Tahko, Tuomas E. (2021) Unity of Science. Elements in Philosophy of Science . Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781108581417

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Abstract

Unity of science was once a very popular idea among both philosophers and scientists. But it has fallen out of fashion, largely because of its association with reductionism and the challenge from multiple realisation. Pluralism and the disunity of science are the new norm, and higher-level natural kinds and special science laws are considered to have an important role in scientific practice. What kind of reductionism does multiple realisability challenge? What does it take to reduce one phenomenon to another? How do we determine which kinds are natural? What is the ontological basis of unity? In this Element, Tuomas Tahko examines these questions from a contemporary perspective, after a historical overview. The upshot is that there is still value in the idea of a unity of science. We can combine a modest sense of unity with pluralism and give an ontological analysis of unity in terms of natural kind monism.


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Item Type: Open Access Book
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Tahko, Tuomas E.
Keywords: metaphysics of science, reduction, realization, natural kinds, laws of nature, special sciences
Subjects: General Issues > Scientific Metaphysics
Specific Sciences > Biology
Specific Sciences > Chemistry
General Issues > Laws of Nature
General Issues > Natural Kinds
Specific Sciences > Physics
General Issues > Realism/Anti-realism
General Issues > Reductionism/Holism
Depositing User: Prof Tuomas Tahko
Date Deposited: 26 May 2022 02:13
Last Modified: 26 May 2022 02:13
Item ID: 20669
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1017/9781108581417
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1017/9781108581417
Subjects: General Issues > Scientific Metaphysics
Specific Sciences > Biology
Specific Sciences > Chemistry
General Issues > Laws of Nature
General Issues > Natural Kinds
Specific Sciences > Physics
General Issues > Realism/Anti-realism
General Issues > Reductionism/Holism
Date: 18 January 2021
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/20669

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