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The many faces of biological individuality

Pradeu, Thomas (2016) The many faces of biological individuality. Biology and Philosophy, 31 (6). pp. 761-773.

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Abstract

Biological individuality is a major topic of discussion in biology and philosophy of biology. Recently, several objections have been raised against traditional accounts of biological individuality, including the objections of monism (the tendency to focus on a single individuality criterion and/or a single biological field), theory-centrism (the tendency to discuss only theory-based individuation), ahistoricity (the tendency to neglect what biologists of the past and historians of biology have said about biological individuality), disciplinary isolationism (the tendency to isolate biological individuality from other scientific and philosophical domains that have investigated individuality), and the multiplication of conceptual uncertainties (the lack of a precise definition of “biological individual” and related terms). In this introduction, I will examine the current philosophical landscape about biological individuality, and show how the contributions gathered in this special issue address these five objections. Overall, the aim of this issue is to offer a more diverse, unifying, and scientifically informed conception of what a biological individual is.


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Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Pradeu, Thomasthomas.pradeu@u-bordeaux.fr0000-0002-6590-3281
Keywords: Individual; organism; evolution; physiology; development; ecology; pluralism; identity
Subjects: General Issues > Scientific Metaphysics
Specific Sciences > Biology
Specific Sciences > Biology > Developmental Biology
Specific Sciences > Biology > Ecology/Conservation
Specific Sciences > Biology > Evolutionary Theory
Specific Sciences > Biology > Function/Teleology
Specific Sciences > Biology > Molecular Biology/Genetics
General Issues > Causation
Specific Sciences > Biology > Neuroscience
Depositing User: Thomas Pradeu
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2016 20:23
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2016 20:23
Item ID: 12659
Journal or Publication Title: Biology and Philosophy
Publisher: Springer
Official URL: http://link.springer.com/journal/10539/31/6/page/1
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1007/s10539-016-9553-z
Subjects: General Issues > Scientific Metaphysics
Specific Sciences > Biology
Specific Sciences > Biology > Developmental Biology
Specific Sciences > Biology > Ecology/Conservation
Specific Sciences > Biology > Evolutionary Theory
Specific Sciences > Biology > Function/Teleology
Specific Sciences > Biology > Molecular Biology/Genetics
General Issues > Causation
Specific Sciences > Biology > Neuroscience
Date: November 2016
Page Range: pp. 761-773
Volume: 31
Number: 6
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/12659

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