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Model Organisms for Studying Decision-Making: a Phylogenetically Expanded Perspective.

Huang, Linus Ta-Lun and Bich, Leonardo and Bechtel, William (2021) Model Organisms for Studying Decision-Making: a Phylogenetically Expanded Perspective. Philosophy of Science. ISSN 1539-767X

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Abstract

This paper explores the use of model organisms in studying the cognitive phenomenon of decision-making. Drawing on the framework of biological control to develop a skeletal conception of decision-making, we show that two core features of decision-making mechanisms can be identified by studying model organisms, such as E. coli, jellyfish, C. elegans, lamprey, etc. First, decision mechanisms are distributed and heterarchically-structured. Second, they depend heavily on chemical information processing, such as those involving neuromodulators. We end by discussing the implications for studying distinctively human decision-making.


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Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Huang, Linus Ta-Lun0000-0003-2469-8944
Bich, Leonardoleonardo.bich@ehu.es0000-0002-2416-112X
Bechtel, Williambechtel@ucsd.edu
Keywords: control mechanisms; decision-making; heterarchy; model organisms; neuromodulators
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology
Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science
General Issues > Decision Theory
General Issues > Explanation
General Issues > History of Philosophy of Science
Specific Sciences > Neuroscience
Depositing User: Dr. Leonardo Bich
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2021 22:56
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2021 22:56
Item ID: 19153
Journal or Publication Title: Philosophy of Science
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Official URL: https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/10.1086/7154...
DOI or Unique Handle: 10.1086/715443
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology
Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science
General Issues > Decision Theory
General Issues > Explanation
General Issues > History of Philosophy of Science
Specific Sciences > Neuroscience
Date: 2021
ISSN: 1539-767X
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/19153

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