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Achieving Minimum-Time Biological Conservation and Pest Management for Additional Food provided Predator-Prey Systems involving Inhibitory Effect : A Qualitative Investigation

V S, Ananth and D K K, Vamsi (2021) Achieving Minimum-Time Biological Conservation and Pest Management for Additional Food provided Predator-Prey Systems involving Inhibitory Effect : A Qualitative Investigation. [Preprint]

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Abstract

Theoretical and experimental studies on prey-predator systems where predator is supplied with alternate sources of food have received significant attention over the years due to their relevance in achieving biological conservation and biological control. Some of the outcomes of these studies suggest that with appropriate quality and quantity of additional food, the system can be steered towards any desired state eventually with time. One of the limitations of previous studies is that the desired state is reached asymptotically, which makes the outcomes not easily applicable in practical scenarios. To overcome this limitation, in this work, we formulate and study optimal control problems to achieve the desired outcomes in minimum (finite) time. We consider two different models of additional food provided prey-predator systems involving Holling type IV functional response (with inhibitory effect of prey). In the first scenario, additional food is incorporated implicitly into the predator's functional response with a possibility of achieving biological conservation through co-existence of species and biological control by maintaining prey at a level that is least harmful to the system. In the second, the effect of additional food is incorporated explicitly into the predator's compartment with the goal of pest management by maintaining prey density at a very minimal damaging level. For both cases, appropriate optimal control strategies are derived and the theoretical findings are illustrated by numerical simulations. We also discuss the ecological significance of the theoretical findings for both models.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
V S, Ananthsrini.ananth05@gmail.com0000-0003-0362-7995
D K K, Vamsidkkvamsi@sssihl.edu.in
Additional Information: Accepted for Publication in Acta Biotheoretica, Springer
Keywords: Prey-predator systems; Additional food supplements; Inhibitory effect; Optimal control problem; Bang-bang controls; Biological conservation; Pest management
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology > Ecology/Conservation
Specific Sciences > Mathematics
Depositing User: Mr Ananth V S
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2021 17:03
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2021 17:03
Item ID: 19780
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology > Ecology/Conservation
Specific Sciences > Mathematics
Date: 26 January 2021
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/19780

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