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EPISTEMIC INJUSTICE AND DATA SCIENCE TECHNOLOGIES

Symons, John and Alvarado, Ramón (2022) EPISTEMIC INJUSTICE AND DATA SCIENCE TECHNOLOGIES. [Preprint]

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Abstract

Technologies that deploy data science methods are liable to result in epistemic harms involving the diminution of individuals with respect to their standing as knowers or their credibility as sources of testimony. Not all harms of this kind are unjust but when they are we ought to try to prevent or correct them. Epistemically unjust harms will typically intersect with other more familiar and well-studied kinds of harm that result from the design, development, and use of data science technologies. However, we argue that epistemic injustices can be distinguished conceptually from more familiar kinds of harm. We argue that epistemic harms are morally relevant even in cases where those who suffer them are unharmed in other ways. Via a series of examples from the criminal justice system, workplace hierarchies, and educational contexts we explain the kinds of epistemic injustice that can result from common uses of data science technologies.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Symons, Johnjohnsymons@ku.edu0000-0001-8173-2948
Alvarado, Ramónralvarad@uoregon.edu0000-0002-0028-4192
Keywords: AI ethics, epistemic injustice, data science
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Artificial Intelligence > AI and Ethics
General Issues > Values In Science
Depositing User: John Symons
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2022 17:49
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2022 17:49
Item ID: 20292
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Artificial Intelligence > AI and Ethics
General Issues > Values In Science
Date: 29 January 2022
URI: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/20292

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