Srinivasan, Radhakrishnan (2022) Logical foundations of physics. Resolution of classical and quantum paradoxes in the finitistic paraconsistent logic NAFL. [Preprint]

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Abstract
NonAristotelian finitary logic (NAFL) is a finitistic paraconsistent logic that redefines finitism. It is argued that the existence of nonstandard models of arithmetic is an artifact of infinitary classical semantics, which must be rejected by the finitist, for whom the meaning of ``finite'' is not negotiable. The main postulate of NAFL semantics defines formal truth as timedependent axiomatic declarations of the human mind, an immediate consequence of which is the following metatheorem. If the axioms of an NAFL theory T are pairwise consistent, then T is consistent. This metatheorem, which is the more restrictive counterpart of the compactness theorem of classical firstorder logic, leads to the diametrically opposite conclusion that T supports only constructive existence, and consequently, nonstandard models of T do not exist, which in turn implies that infinite sets cannot exist in consistent NAFL theories. It is shown that arithmetization of syntax, Godel's incompleteness theorems and Turing's argument for the undecidability of the halting problem, which lead classically to nonstandard models, cannot be formalized in NAFL theories. The NAFL theories of arithmetic and real numbers are defined. Several paradoxical phenomena in quantum mechanics, such as, quantum superposition, entanglement, the quantum Zeno effect and waveparticle duality, are shown to be justifiable in NAFL, which provides a logical basis for the incompatibility of quantum mechanics and infinitary (by the NAFL yardstick) relativity theory. Finally, Zeno's dichotomy paradox and its many variants, which pose a problem for classical infinitary reasoning, are shown to be resolvable in NAFL.
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Item Type:  Preprint  

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Keywords:  paraconsistent logic foundations finitism quantum paradoxes  
Subjects:  Specific Sciences > Mathematics > Foundations Specific Sciences > Mathematics > Logic Specific Sciences > Physics > Quantum Mechanics Specific Sciences > Physics > Relativity Theory 

Depositing User:  Dr. Radhakrishnan Srinivasan  
Date Deposited:  01 Jun 2022 17:04  
Last Modified:  01 Jun 2022 17:04  
Item ID:  20705  
Subjects:  Specific Sciences > Mathematics > Foundations Specific Sciences > Mathematics > Logic Specific Sciences > Physics > Quantum Mechanics Specific Sciences > Physics > Relativity Theory 

Date:  1 June 2022  
URI:  http://philsciarchive.pitt.edu/id/eprint/20705 
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