Number of items at this level: **360**.

## A

Afriat, Alexander
(2013)
*Weyl’s gauge argument.*
Foundations of physics.

Allori, Valia
(2015)
*Primitive Ontology in a Nutshell.*
International Journal of Quantum Foundations, 1 (3).
pp. 107-122.

Allori, Valia
(2015)
*Quantum Mechanics and Paradigm Shifts.*
Topoi.

Antoniou, Antonis
(2023)
*Robustness and Dark-Matter Observation.*
Philosophy of Science, 90 (3).
pp. 629-647.

Antoniou, Antonis
(2021)
*What is a data model? An anatomy of data analysis in High Energy Physics.*
[Preprint]

Arntzenius, Frank and Greaves, Hilary
(2007)
*Time reversal in classical electromagnetism.*
[Preprint]

Arntzenius, Frank and Greaves, Hilary
(2007)
*Time reversal in classical electromagnetism.*
[Preprint]

## B

Bacciagaluppi, Guido and Crull, Elise and Maroney, O J E
(2017)
*Jordan's Derivation of Blackbody Fluctuations.*
[Preprint]

Bajlo, Darko
(2017)
*The hidden arrow of electromagnetic radiation: unmasking advanced waves.*
UNSPECIFIED.

Baker, David
(2008)
*Against Field Interpretations of Quantum Field Theory.*
[Preprint]

Baker, David
(2008)
*Against Field Interpretations of Quantum Field Theory.*
[Preprint]

Baker, David and Halvorson, Hans
(2008)
*Antimatter.*
[Preprint]

Baker, David and Halvorson, Hans
(2009)
*Antimatter.*
[Preprint]

Baker, David John
(2012)
*Identity, Superselection Theory and the Statistical Properties of Quantum Fields.*
[Preprint]

Baker, David John
(2015)
*The Philosophy of Quantum Field Theory.*
[Preprint]

Baker, David John and Halvorson, Hans and Swanson, Noel
(2013)
*The Conventionality of Parastatistics.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Barandes, Jacob A.
(2019)
*Can Magnetic Forces Do Work?*
[Preprint]

Barandes, Jacob A.
(2021)
*Gauge Invariance for Classical Massless Particles with Spin.*
Foundations of Physics, 51 (1).
p. 7.

Barandes, Jacob A.
(2019)
*Manifestly Covariant Lagrangians, Classical Particles with Spin, and the Origins of Gauge Invariance.*
[Preprint]

Barandes, Jacob A.
(2021)
*On Magnetic Forces and Work.*
Foundations of Physics, 51 (4).
p. 79.

Barrett, Jeffrey A.
(2000)
*On the Nature of Measurement Records in Relativistic Quantum Field Theory.*
[Preprint]

Batterman, Robert
(2002)
*Falling Cats, Parallel Parking, and Polarized Light.*
[Preprint]

Batterman, Robert
(2016)
*Philosophical Implications of Kadanoff's work on the Renormalization Group.*
Journal of Statistical Physics.

Beauchemin, Pierre-Hugues and Staley, Kent
(2023)
*The epistemological significance of exploratory experimentation: Why practices matter, philosophically.*
[Preprint]

Belot, Gordon
(2011)
*Background-Independence.*
[Preprint]

Belot, Gordon
(2006)
*Is Classical Electrodynamics an Inconsistent Theory?*
[Preprint]

Belot, Gordon
(2002)
*Symmetry and Gauge Freedom.*
[Preprint]

Belot, Gordon
(2003)
*Symmetry and Gauge Freedom.*
[Preprint]

Belot, Gordon and Earman, John and Healey, Richard and Maudlin, Tim and Nounou, Antigone and Struyve, Ward
(2009)
*Synopsis and Discussion: Philosophy of Gauge Theory.*
[Preprint]

BenDaniel, David J.
(2004)
*Definability in Physics.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.
(Unpublished)

BenDaniel, David Jacob
(2003)
*Definability and a Nonlinear Sigma Model.*
[Preprint]
(Unpublished)

BenDaniel, David Jacob
(2005)
*Definability in Physics.*
[Preprint]

BenDaniel, David Jacob
(2006)
*Definability in Physics.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.
(In Press)

Binder, Bernd
(2002)
*Iterative Interplay between Aharonov-Bohm Deficit Angle and Berry Phase.*
[Preprint]

Binder, Bernd
(2003)
*A Natural Mass Unit Hidden in the Planck Action Quantum.*
[Preprint]

Binder, Bernd
(2003)
*Natural Nonlinear Quantum Units and Human Artificial Linear System of Units.*
[Preprint]

Binder, Bernd
(2002)
*Spacetime Memory: Phase-Locked Geometric Phases.*
[Preprint]

Boge, Florian J. and Grünke, Paul
(2019)
*Computer simulations, machine learning and the Laplacean demon: Opacity in the case of high energy physics∗.*
[Preprint]

Borrelli, Arianna and Castellani, Elena
(2019)
*The Practice of Naturalness: A Historical-Philosophical Perspective.*
[Preprint]

Brading, Katherine and Brown, Harvey R.
(2003)
*Are gauge symmetry transformations observable?*
[Preprint]

Brading, Katherine A. and Castellani, Elena
(2002)
*Symmetries in physics: philosophical reflections.*
[Preprint]

Brown, Harvey R and Holland, Peter
(2003)
*Simple applications of Noether's first theorem in quantum mechanics and electromagnetism.*
[Preprint]

## C

Callender, Craig
(2014)
*One World, One Beable.*
[Preprint]

Callender, Craig
(2001)
*Why Be a Fundamentalist: Reply to Schaffer.*
[Preprint]

Cappelli, Andrea and Castellani, Elena and Colomo, Filippo and Di Vecchia, Paolo
(2012)
*The birth of string theory: Introduction and synopsis.*
The birth of string theory.

Castellani, Elena
(2011)
*Early string theory as a challenging case study for philosophers.*
[Preprint]

Castellani, Elena
(2018)
*Scientific Methodology: A View from Early String Theory.*
[Preprint]

Castellani, Elena and Dardashti, Radin
(2018)
*Symmetry breaking.*
[Preprint]

Chen, Lu and Fritz, Tobias
(2021)
*An algebraic approach to physical fields.*
[Preprint]

Chen, Lu and Read, James
(2023)
*Is the metric signature really electromagnetic in origin?*
[Preprint]

Chiatti, Leonardo
(2014)
*Elementary particles as signs.*
[Preprint]

Clarke-Doane, Justin
(2022)
*Mathemtics and Metaphilosophy.*
Cambridge Elements.

Clifton, Rob and Halvorson, Hans
(2000)
*Are Rindler Quanta Real? Inequivalent Particle Concepts in Quantum Field Theory.*
[Preprint]

Crețu, Ana-Maria
(2019)
*Diagnosing Disagreements: The Authentication of the Positron 1931 - 1934.*
[Preprint]

Crull, Elise
(2017)
*Translation of: P. Ehrenfest (1925), 'Energieschwankungen im Strahlungsfeld oder Kristallgitter bei Superposition quantisierter Eigenschwingungen'.*
[Preprint]

Curiel, Erik
(2016)
*Kinematics, Dynamics, and the Structure of Physical Theory.*
[Preprint]

Curiel, Erik
(2014)
*A Primer on Energy Conditions.*
[Preprint]

Curiel, Erik
(2015)
*A Weyl-Type Theorem for Geometrized Newtonian Gravity.*
[Preprint]

Curiel, Erik
(2015)
*A Weyl-Type Theorem for Geometrized Newtonian Gravity.*
[Preprint]

Curiel, Erik
(2018)
*On Geometric Objects, the Non-Existence of a Gravitational Stress-Energy Tensor, and the Uniqueness of the Einstein
Field Equation.*
[Preprint]

## D

D'Ariano, Giacomo
(2018)
*The solution of the Sixth Hilbert Problem: the Ultimate Galilean Revolution.*
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A.

Dawid, Richard
(2013)
*Higgs Discovery and the Look Elsewhere Effect.*
[Preprint]

Dawid, Richard
(2014)
*Higgs Discovery and the Look Elsewhere Effect.*
[Preprint]

Dawid, Richard
(2005)
*High Energy Physics and Constructive Empiricism.*
[Preprint]

Dawid, Richard
(2010)
*Marginalization of the Phenomena and the Limits of Scientific Knowledge in High Energy Physics.*
Manuscrito. Rev. Int. Fil.,, 33 (1).
pp. 165-206.
ISSN 0100-6045

Dawid, Richard
(2008)
*ON THE CONFLICTING ASSESSMENTS OF THE CURRENT STATUS OF STRING THEORY.*
[Preprint]

Dawid, Richard
(2003)
*Realism in the age of String Theory.*
UNSPECIFIED.
(Unpublished)

Dawid, Richard
(2007)
*SCIENTIFIC REALISM IN THE AGE OF STRING THEORY.*
UNSPECIFIED.

Dawid, Richard
(2013)
*Theory Assessment and Final Theory Claim in String Theory.*
Foundations of Physics, 43 (1).
pp. 81-100.

Dawid, Richard
(2018)
*Chronic Incompleteness, Final Theory Claims,
and the Lack of Free Parameters in String Theory.*
[Preprint]

Dawid, Richard
(2017)
*Delimiting the Unconceived.*
[Preprint]

Dawid, Richard
(2020)
*Meta-Empirical Confirmation: Addressing Three Points of Criticism.*
[Preprint]

Dawid, Richard
(2017)
*A Philosophical Look at the Discovery of the Higgs Boson.*
Synthese, 94 (2).
pp. 253-257.
ISSN 1573-0964

Dawid, Richard
(2017)
*Philosophy of String Theory.*
[Preprint]

Dawid, Richard
(2017)
*Scientific Realism and High Energy Physics.*
[Preprint]

Dawid, Richard
(2018)
*The Significance of Non-Empirical Confirmation in
Fundamental Physics.*
[Preprint]

Dawid, Richard
(2016)
*String Dualities and Empirical Equivalence.*
Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics.
ISSN 1355-2198

De Haro, Sebastian
(2019)
*Towards a Theory of Emergence for the Physical Sciences.*
[Preprint]

De Haro, Sebastian
(2019)
*Towards a Theory of Emergence for the Physical Sciences.*
European Journal for Philosophy of Science.

De Haro, Sebastian and Butterfield, Jeremy
(2017)
*A Schema for Duality, Illustrated by Bosonization.*
[Preprint]

De Haro, Sebastian and Butterfield, Jeremy
(2019)
*A Schema for Duality, Illustrated by Bosonization.*
Foundations of Mathematics and Physics one Century after Hilbert.

Dieks, Dennis
(2014)
*The Logic of Identity: Distinguishability and Indistinguishability in Classical and Quantum Physics.*
[Preprint]

Dieks, Dennis
(2000)
*Space-time relationism in Newtonian and relativistic physics.*
UNSPECIFIED.

Dieks, Dennis and Lubberdink, Andrea
(2012)
*How Classical Particles Emerge from the Quantum World.*
Foundations of Physics, 41 (6).
pp. 1051-1064.

Dieks, Dennis and Versteegh, Marijn
(2007)
*Identical Particles and Weak Discernibility.*
[Preprint]

Dieks, Dennis and Versteegh, Marijn
(2007)
*Identical Quantum Particles and Weak Discernibility.*
[Preprint]

Dieks, Dennis and van Dongen, Jeroen and de Haro, Sebastian
(2014)
*Emergence in Holographic Scenarios for Gravity.*
[Preprint]

Dieks, Dennis and van Dongen, Jeroen and de Haro, Sebastian
(2015)
*Emergence in Holographic Scenarios for Gravity.*
Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics.
ISSN 1355-2198

Dieks, Dennis
(2022)
*Identical Particles in Quantum Mechanics: Against the Received View (version 2022).*
[Preprint]

Dieks, Dennis
(2016)
*Quantum Information and Locality.*
[Preprint]

Dieks, Dennis
(2019)
*Quantum Reality, Perspectivalism and Covariance.*
[Preprint]

Dieks, Dennis and Lubberdink, Andrea
(2019)
*Identical quantum particles as distinguishable objects.*
[Preprint]

Dikshit, Biswaranjan
(2014)
*A new approach in classical electrodynamics to protect principle of causality.*
Journal of Theoretical Physics and Cryptography, 5.
pp. 1-4.
ISSN 2322-3138

Dorato, Mauro
(2015)
*The physical world as a blob: is OSR really realism?*
[Preprint]

Dougherty, John
(2020)
*The non-ideal theory of the Aharonov–Bohm effect.*
Synthese.
ISSN 1573-0964

de Haro, Sebastian
(2015)
*Dualities and Emergent Gravity: Gauge/Gravity Duality.*

de Haro, Sebastian and Butterfield, Jeremy
(2017)
*A Schema for Duality, Illustrated by Bosonization.*
[Preprint]

de Swart, Jaco and Bertone, Gianfranco and van Dongen, Jeroen
(2017)
*How dark matter came to matter.*
Nature Astronomy, 1 (0059).
ISSN 2397-3366

## E

Earman, John
(2001)
*Gauge Matters.*
[Preprint]

Earman, John
(2022)
*Trace-Free Gravitational Theory (aka Unimodular Gravity) for Philosophers.*
[Preprint]

Esfeld, Michael and Deckert, Dirk-André and Oldofredi, Andrea
(2015)
*What is matter? The fundamental ontology of atomism and structural realism.*
[Preprint]

Eynck, Tim Oliver and Lyre, Holger and Rummell, Nicolai von
(2001)
*A versus B! Topological nonseparability and the Aharonov-Bohm effect.*
[Preprint]

## F

Feintzeig, Benjamin and Librande, Jonah and Soiffer, Rory
(2021)
*Localizable Particles in the Classical Limit of Quantum Field Theory.*
Foundations of Physics.

Ferreirós, José
(2000)
*Riemanniana Selecta: introducción.*

Fischer, Enno
(2022)
*Naturalness and the forward-looking justification of scientific principles.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Fischer, Enno
(2023)
*The Promise of Supersymmetry.*
[Preprint]

Fleming, Gordon N.
(2009)
*Observations on Unstable Quantons, Hyperplane Dependence and Quantum Fields.*
[Preprint]

Fleming, Gordon N.
(2009)
*Observations on Unstable Quantons, Hyperplane Dependence and Quantum Fields.*
[Preprint]

Fleming, Gordon N.
(2009)
*Observations on Unstable Quantons, Hyperplane Dependence and Quantum Fields.*
[Preprint]

Fleming, Gordon N.
(1998)
*Reeh-Schlieder meets Newton-Wigner.*
UNSPECIFIED.

Fletcher, Samuel C.
(2017)
*Indeterminism, Gravitation, and Spacetime Theory.*
Making It Formally Explicit: Probability, Causality and Indeterminism.
pp. 179-191.
ISSN 978-3-319-55486-0

Fletcher, Samuel C.
(2019)
*Which Worldlines Represent Possible Particle Histories?*
Foundations of Physics, 50 (6).
pp. 582-599.
ISSN 0015-9018

Franklin, Alexander
(2018)
*Whence the Effectiveness of Effective Field Theories?*
The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.

Franklin, Alexander and Knox, Eleanor
(2018)
*Emergence Without Limits: the Case of Phonons.*
Studies in the History and Philosophy of Modern Physics.
ISSN 1355-2198

François, Jordan and Berghofer, Philipp
(2024)
*Dressing vs. Fixing: On How to Extract and Interpret Gauge-Invariant Content.*
[Preprint]

François, Jordan and Ravera, Lucrezia
(2024)
*On the Meaning of Local Symmetries: Epistemic-Ontological Dialectics.*
[Preprint]

Fraser, Doreen
(2009)
*Quantum Field Theory: Underdetermination, Inconsistency, and Idealization.*
[Preprint]

Fraser, Doreen
(2008)
*The fate of 'particles' in quantum field theories with interactions.*
[Preprint]

Fraser, Doreen
(2017)
*Particles in Quantum Field Theory.*
[Preprint]

Fraser, Doreen and Koberinski, Adam
(2016)
*The Higgs mechanism and superconductivity: A case study of formal analogies.*
Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics.
ISSN 1355-2198

French, Steven and McKenzie, Kerry
(2011)
*Thinking Outside the Toolbox: Towards a More Productive Engagement Between Metaphysics and Philosophy of Physics.*
[Preprint]

Friederich, S. and Lehmkuhl, D.
(2015)
*Particle physics after the Higgs discovery: philosophical perspectives.*
Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, 51.
pp. 69-70.
ISSN 1355-2198

Friederich, Simon
(2012)
*Pristinism under Pressure---Ruetsche on the
Interpretation of Quantum Theories.*
[Preprint]

Friederich, Simon
(2012)
*A philosophical look at the Higgs mechanism.*
[Preprint]

Friederich, Simon and Harlander, Robert V. and Karaca, Koray
(2014)
*Philosophical perspectives on ad hoc-hypotheses and the Higgs mechanism.*
[Preprint]

Frisch, Mathias
(2008)
*Causal Reasoning in Physics.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Frisch, Mathias
(2007)
*Discussion Note: Conceptual Problems in Classical Electrodynamics.*
UNSPECIFIED.

## G

Gao, Shan
(2013)
*Is an electron a charge cloud? A reexamination of Schrödinger's charge density hypothesis.*
[Preprint]

Gao, Shan
(2010)
*Meaning of the wave function.*
[Preprint]

Gao, Shan
(2014)
*The wave function and particle ontology.*
[Preprint]

Gao, Shan
(2018)
*Against the field ontology of quantum mechanics.*
[Preprint]

Gao, Shan
(2023)
*Can the ontology of Bohmian mechanics consists only in particles? The PBR theorem says no.*

Gao, Shan
(2022)
*If the global phase is real.*
[Preprint]

Gao, Shan
(2022)
*On the ontologies of quantum theories.*
[Preprint]

Gao, Shan
(2020)
*A Puzzle for the Field Ontologists.*
Foundations of Physics.

Gao, Shan
(2022)
*Reality of mass and charge and its implications for the meaning of the wave function.*
[Preprint]

Gao, Shan
(2023)
*Why the ontology of Bohmian mechanics cannot include only particles or particles and the wave function.*
[Preprint]

Gao, Shan
(2019)
*A contradiction in Bohm's theory.*
[Preprint]

Gautheron, Lucas and Omodei, Elisa
(2023)
*How research programs come apart: The example of supersymmetry and the disunity of physics.*
Quantitative Science Studies, 4 (3).
pp. 671-699.

Geroch, Robert and Weatherall, James Owen
(2018)
*The Motion of Small Bodies in Space-time.*
[Preprint]

Giovanelli, Marco
(2022)
*Geometrization vs. Unification. The Reichenbach-Einstein Quarrel about the Fernparallelismus Field Theory.*
Synthese, 213.
ISSN 1573-0964

Giovanelli, Marco
(2023)
*Variability and Substantiality. Kurd Lasswitz, the Marburg School and the Neo-Kantian Historiography of Science.*
[Preprint]

Giulini, Domenico
(2007)
*Concepts of Symmetry in the Work of Wolfgang Pauli.*
[Preprint]

Giulini, Domenico
(2015)
*Energy-Momentum Tensors and Motion in Special Relativity.*
Springer Verlag, Heidelberg.

Giulini, Domenico
(2009)
*Matter from Space.*
[Preprint]

Giulini, Domenico
(2001)
*The Problem of Inertia (in german).*
[Preprint]

Giulini, Domenico
(2020)
*Classical perspectives on the Newton--Wigner position observable.*
[Preprint]

Gomes, Henrique
(2019)
*Gauging the boundary in field-space.*
[Preprint]

Gomes, Henrique
(2019)
*Holism as the significance of gauge symmetries.*
[Preprint]

Gomes, Henrique
(2022)
*Same-Diff? Conceptual similarities between gauge transformations and diffeomorphisms Part I: Symmetries and isomorphisms.*
[Preprint]

Gomes, Henrique
(2022)
*Same-diff? Conceptual similarities between gauge transformations and diffeomorphisms. Part II: Challenges to sophistication.*
[Preprint]

Gomes, Henrique
(2021)
*The role of representational conventions in assessing the empirical significance of symmetries.*
[Preprint]

Gomes, Henrique and Gryb, Sean
(2020)
*Angular momentum without rotation: turbocharging relationalism.*
[Preprint]

Gomes, Henrique and Riello, Aldo
(2020)
*Large gauge transformations, gauge invariance, and the QCD theta-term.*
[Preprint]

Gomori, Marton and E. Szabo, Laszlo
(2014)
*How to Move an Electromagnetic Field?*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Gomori, Marton and Szabo, Laszlo E.
(2014)
*How to Move an Electromagnetic Field?*
[Preprint]

Gomori, Marton and Szabo, Laszlo E.
(2017)
*On the Persistence of the Electromagnetic Field.*
[Preprint]

Gryb, Sean and Palacios, Patricia and Thebault, Karim P Y
(2019)
*On the Universality of Hawking Radiation.*
[Preprint]

Gryb, Sean and Palacios, Patricia and Thebault, Karim P Y
(2019)
*On the Universality of Hawking Radiation.*
[Preprint]

Guay, Alexandre
(2004)
*The Arbitrariness of Local Gauge Symmetry.*
[Preprint]

Guay, Alexandre
(2008)
*Conceptual Foundations of Yang–Mills Theories.*
[Preprint]

Guay, Alexandre
(2004)
*Geometrical aspects of local gauge symmetry.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.
(Unpublished)

Guay, Alexandre
(2008)
*A Partial Elucidation of the Gauge Principle.*
[Preprint]

Guay, Alexandre and Sartenaer, Olivier
(2016)
*A New Look at Emergence. Or When After is Different.*
[Preprint]

## H

Halvorson, Hans
(2001)
*Locality, Localization, and the Particle Concept: Topics in the Foundations of Quantum Field Theory.*
[Preprint]

Halvorson, Hans and Clifton, Rob
(2001)
*No place for particles in relativistic quantum theories?*
[Preprint]

Halvorson, Hans and Mueger, Michael
(2006)
*Algebraic Quantum Field Theory.*
[Preprint]

Hangleiter, Dominik and Carolan, Jacques and Thebault, Karim P Y
(2021)
*Analogue Quantum Simulation: A New Instrument for Scientific Understanding.*
[Preprint]

Harlander, Robert
(2021)
*Feynman diagrams: from complexity to simplicity and back.*
[Preprint]

Hartmann, Stephan
(2005)
*Models and Stories in Hadron Physics.*
[Preprint]

Healey, Richard
(2007)
*Gauge Symmetry and the Theta Vacuum.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Healey, Richard
(2007)
*Gauge Theory and the Theta Vacuum.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Healey, Richard
(2001)
*On the Reality of Gauge Potentials.*
[Preprint]

Healey, Richard
(2008)
*Perfect Symmetries.*
[Preprint]

Hetzroni, Guy
(2020)
*Relativity and Equivalence in Hilbert Space: A Principle-Theory Approach to the Aharonov-Bohm Effect.*
Foundations of Physics.
ISSN 1572-9516

Hoehn, Philipp
(2017)
*Reflections on the information paradigm in quantum and gravitational physics.*
[Preprint]

Hoiland, Dr. Paul Karl
(2003)
*The Zero Point Source Of Accelerated Expansion.*
[Preprint]
(Unpublished)

Holland, Peter and Brown, Harvey R.
(2002)
*The non-relativistic limits of the Maxwell and Dirac equations: the role of Galilean and gauge invariance.*
UNSPECIFIED.
(In Press)

Holster, Andrew
(2004)
*Time Flow Physics: Introduction to a unified theory based on time flow.*
[Preprint]

Hubert, Mario
(2022)
*What If Light Doesn’t Exist?*
The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
ISSN 1464-3537

Huggett, Nick
(2002)
*Quarticles and the Identity of Indiscernibles.*
[Preprint]

Huggett, Nick
(2003)
*Quarticles and the Identity of Indiscernibles.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Huggett, Nick
(2018)
*A Philosopher Looks at Non-Commutative Geometry.*
[Preprint]

Huggett, Nick and Lizzi, Fedele and Menon, Tushar
(2020)
*Missing the point in noncommutative geometry.*
[Preprint]

## J

Jacobs, Caspar
(2022)
*The Metaphysics of Fibre Bundles.*
[Preprint]

Jaeger, Gregg
(2016)
*Grounding the randomness of quantum measurement.*
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, 374.

Johns, Oliver Davis
(2019)
*A Quantitative Version of Feynman's Static Field Momentum Example.*
[Preprint]

## K

Kantorovich, Aharon
(2006)
*Particles vs. Structures: Weak Ontic Structuralism.*
[Preprint]

Karaca, Koray
(2011)
*The Construction of the Higgs Mechanism and the Emergence of the Electroweak Theory.*
[Preprint]

Karaca, Koray
(2012)
*The Strong and Weak Senses of Theory-Ladenness of Experimentation: Theory-Driven versus Exploratory Experiments in the History of High-Energy Particle Physics.*
[Preprint]

Karaca, Koray
(2016)
*A Case Study in Experimental Exploration: Exploratory Data Selection at the Large Hadron Collider.*
[Preprint]

Kastner, Ruth
(2016)
*Violation of the Born Rule: Implications for Macroscopic Fields.*
International Journal of Quantum Foundations, 2 (3).
pp. 121-126.

Kastner, Ruth
(2020)
*Why the Quantum Absorber Condition is Not a Light-Tight Box.*
[Preprint]

King, Martin
(2019)
*Explanations and Candidate Explanations in Physics.*
[Preprint]

Klevgard, Paul A.
(2021)
*Is the photon really a particle?*
Optik International Journal for Light and Electron Optics, 237 (166679).
ISSN 0030-4026

Koberinski, Adam
(2021)
*"Fundamental" "constants" and precision tests of the standard model.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Krátký, Matěj and Read, James
(2024)
*On functional freedom and Penrose's critiques of string theory.*
[Preprint]

## L

Lam, Vincent
(2015)
*Primitive ontology and quantum field theory.*
[Preprint]

Lazarovici, Dustin
(2017)
*Against Fields.*
[Preprint]

Lehmkuhl, Dennis
(2010)
*Mass-Energy-Momentum: Only there because of Spacetime?*
[Preprint]

Lehmkuhl, Dennis
(2013)
*Why Einstein did not believe that General Relativity geometrizes gravity.*
[Preprint]

Lehmkuhl, Dennis
(2019)
*The Equivalence Principle(s).*
[Preprint]

Lehmkuhl, Dennis
(2016)
*Literal vs. careful interpretations of scientific theories: the vacuum approach to the problem of motion in general relativity.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Lehmkuhl, Dennis and Röken, Christian and Doboszewski, Juliusz
(2023)
*On Penrose's Analogy between Curved Spacetime Regions and Optical Lenses.*
[Preprint]

Lienert, Matthias
(2011)
*Pilot Wave Theory and Quantum Fields.*
[Preprint]

Liu, Chuang
(2001)
*Gauge Gravity and the Unification of Natural Forces.*
UNSPECIFIED.
(Unpublished)

Lombardi, Olimpia and Dieks, Dennis
(2014)
*Particles in a Quantum Ontology of Properties.*
[Preprint]

Lyre, Holger
(2008)
*Does the Higgs Mechanism Exist?*
[Preprint]

Lyre, Holger
(2004)
*Holism and Structuralism in U(1) Gauge Theory.*
[Preprint]

Lyre, Holger
(2001)
*The Principles of Gauging.*
[Preprint]

Lyre, Holger
(2010)
*The just-so Higgs story: a response to Adrian Wüthrich.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

## M

MacKinnon, Edward
(2005)
*Generating Ontology: From Quantum Mechanics to Quantum Field Theory.*
UNSPECIFIED.
(Unpublished)

MacKinnon, Edward
(2006)
*The Standard Model as a Philosophical Challenge.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Maggiani, Marco
(2024)
*The Unruh Effect and Theory Interpretation in an Effective Framework.*
[Preprint]

Malament, David
(2009)
*On the Status of the "Geodesic Law" in General Relativity.*
[Preprint]

Malament, David
(2003)
*"On the Time Reversal Invariance of Classical Electromagnetic Theory".*
[Preprint]

Martens, Niels C.M. and Carretero Sahuquillo, Miguel Angel and Scholz, Erhard and Lehmkuhl, Dennis and Kraemer, Michael
(2021)
*Integrating Dark Matter, Modified Gravity, and the Humanities.*
UNSPECIFIED.

Martens, Niels C.M. and Lehmkuhl, Dennis
(2020)
*Cartography of the space of theories: an interpretational chart for fields that are both (dark) matter and spacetime.*
Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics.
ISSN 1355-2198

Martens, Niels C.M. and Lehmkuhl, Dennis
(2020)
*Dark Matter = Modified Gravity? Scrutinising the spacetime–matter distinction through the modified gravity/ dark matter lens.*
Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics.
ISSN 1355-2198

Maxwell, Nicholas
(2004)
*Special Relativity, Time, Probabilism, and Ultimate Reality.*
[Preprint]

McCabe, Gordon
(2004)
*Does an elementary particle have a unique intrinsic state?*
[Preprint]

McCabe, Gordon
(2007)
*How to create a universe.*
[Preprint]

McCabe, Gordon
(2007)
*Joining inner space to outer space.*
[Preprint]

McCabe, Gordon
(2005)
*The Standard Model of particle physics in other universes.*
[Preprint]

McCabe, Gordon
(2004)
*What is an elementary particle in the first-quantized Standard Model?*
[Preprint]

McCabe, Gordon
(2020)
*What is light?*
[Preprint]

McCoy, C.D. and Massimi, Michela
(2018)
*Simplified Models: A Different Perspective on Models as Mediators.*
European Journal for Philosophy of Science, 8 (1).
pp. 99-123.
ISSN 1879-4912

McKenzie, Kerry
(2011)
*Arguing Against Fundamentality.*
[Preprint]

Menon, Tushar
(2018)
*Taking up superspace---the spacetime structure of supersymmetric field theory.*
[Preprint]

Menon, Tushar and Linnemann, Niels and Read, James
(2018)
*Clocks and Chronogeometry: Rotating Spacetimes and the relativistic null hypothesis.*
[Preprint]

Miller, Ryan
(2023)
*Chemical Reduction and Quantum Interpretation: A Case for Thomistic Emergence.*
Foundations of Chemistry.
ISSN 1386-4238

Miller, Ryan
(2022)
*Mereological Atomism's Quantum Problems.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Miller, Ryan
(2020)
*Not Another Brick in the Wall: an Extensional Mereology for Potential Parts.*
[Preprint]

Miller, Ryan
(2019)
*Perennial Symmetry Arguments: Aristotle’s Heavenly Cosmology and Noether’s First Theorem.*
Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association, 93.

Mitsch, Chris and Gilton, Marian and Freeborn, David Peter Wallis
(2023)
*How Haag-tied is QFT, really?*
[Preprint]

Morgan, Peter
(2002)
*Classical nonlocal models for quantum field states.*
[Preprint]

Muntean, Ioan
(2010)
*The Fiber Bundle at the Gates of Metaphysics. Challenging Maudlin's Proposal.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Murgueitio Ramírez, Sebastián
(2020)
*A puzzle concerning local symmetries and their empirical significance.*
The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
ISSN 1464-3537

Murgueitio Ramírez, Sebastián and Teh, Nicholas
(2020)
*Abandoning Galileo's Ship: The quest for non-relational empirical significance.*
The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.

Myrvold, Wayne C.
(2010)
*Nonseparability, Classical and Quantum.*
[Preprint]

Mättig, Peter
(2022)
*Classifying Exploratory Experimentation – Three Case Studies of Exploratory Experimentation at the LHC.*
[Preprint]

Mättig, Peter and Stoeltzner, Michael
(2017)
*Model Choice and Crucial Tests. On the Empirical Epistemology of the Higgs Discovery.*
[Preprint]

Mättig, Peter and Stoeltzner, Michael
(2017)
*Model Choice and Crucial Tests. On the Empirical Epistemology of the Higgs Discovery.*
[Preprint]

## N

Nappo, Francesco
(2021)
*The Double Nature of Maxwell's Physical Analogies.*
[Preprint]

Nguyen, James and Teh, Nicholas J. and Wells, Laura
(2017)
*Why surplus structure is not superfluous.*
[Preprint]

Niederklapfer, Alexander
(2024)
*What is Fundamental in Fundamental Physics?*
[Preprint]

North, Jill
(2003)
*Understanding the Time-Asymmetry of Radiation.*
UNSPECIFIED.

Norton, John D.
(2001)
*General Covariance, Gauge Theories and the Kretschmann Objection.*
[Preprint]

Norton, John D.
(2008)
*Is There an Independent Principle of Causality in Physics? A Comment on Matthias Frisch, “Causal Reasoning in Physics.”.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Nugayev, Rinat
(2016)
*Why did Einstein's Programme Supersede Abraham's and Nordstrom's?*
[Preprint]

## O

Okasha, Samir and Thebault, Karim P Y
(2018)
*Is there a Bayesian justification of hypothetico-deductive inference?*
[Preprint]

Okon, Elias and Sudarsky, Daniel
(2016)
*Black Holes, Information Loss and the Measurement Problem.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Oriti, Daniele
(2013)
*Disappearance and emergence of space and time in quantum gravity.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Oriti, Daniele
(2018)
*The Bronstein hypercube of quantum gravity.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Oriti, Daniele
(2018)
*Levels of spacetime emergence in quantum gravity.*
[Preprint]

## P

Papageorgiou, Maria and Fraser, Doreen
(2023)
*Eliminating the ‘impossible’: Recent progress on local measurement theory for quantum field theory.*
[Preprint]

Passon, Oliver
(2018)
*On the interpretation of Feynman diagrams, or, did
the LHC experiments observe H to gamma gamma?*
[Preprint]

Perovic, Slobodan
(2011)
*Theory-Ladenness of Observation in the Experimental Context.*
[Preprint]

Perovic, Slobodan
(2018)
*Egalitarian Paradise or Factory Drudgery? Organizing Knowledge Production in High Energy Physics (HEP) Laboratories.*
[Preprint]

Pitts, J. Brian
(2007)
*Absolute Objects, Counterexamples and General Covariance.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Pitts, J. Brian
(2016)
*Einstein's Physical Strategy, Energy Conservation, Symmetries, and Stability: "but Grossmann & I believed that the conservation laws were not satisfied".*
[Preprint]

Pitts, J. Brian
(2009)
*Empirical Equivalence, Artificial Gauge Freedom and a Generalized Kretschmann Objection.*
[Preprint]

Pitts, J. Brian
(2013)
*A First Class Constraint Generates Not a Gauge Transformation, But a Bad Physical Change: The Case of Electromagnetism.*
[Preprint]

Pitts, J. Brian
(2014)
*A First Class Constraint Generates Not a Gauge Transformation, But a Bad Physical Change: The Case of Electromagnetism.*
Annals of Physics.

Pitts, J. Brian
(2009)
*Gauge-Invariant Localization of Infinitely Many Gravitational Energies from All Possible Auxiliary Structures.*
[Preprint]

Pitts, J. Brian
(2009)
*Gauge-Invariant Localization of Infinitely Many Gravitational Energies from All Possible Auxiliary Structures.*
[Preprint]

Pitts, J. Brian
(2011)
*The Nontriviality of Trivial General Covariance: How Electrons Restrict 'Time' Coordinates, Spinors (Almost) Fit into Tensor Calculus, and 7/16 of a Tetrad Is Surplus Structure.*
[Preprint]

Pitts, J. Brian
(2011)
*Permanent Underdetermination from Approximate Empirical Equivalence in Field Theory: Massless and Massive Scalar Gravity, Neutrino, Electromagnetic, Yang-Mills and Gravitational Theories.*
The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science , 62.
pp. 259-299.

Pitts, J. Brian
(2015)
*Space-time Philosophy Reconstructed via Massive Nordström Scalar Gravities? Laws vs. Geometry, Conventionality, and Underdetermination.*
[Preprint]

Pitts, J. Brian
(2013)
*Time and Fermions: General Covariance vs. Ockham's Razor for Spinors.*
Proceedings of the 4th Conference on Time and Matter - TAM 2013.
pp. 185-198.
ISSN 978-961-6311-79-3

Pitts, J. Brian and Schieve, W. C.
(2001)
*Null Cones in Lorentz-Covariant General Relativity.*
[Preprint]

Pitts, J. Brian
(2019)
*Cosmological Constant Λ vs. Massive Gravitons: A Case Study in General Relativity Exceptionalism vs. Particle Physics Egalitarianism.*
[Preprint]

Pitts, J. Brian
(2016)
*Einstein's Equations for Spin 2 Mass 0 from Noether's Converse Hilbertian Assertion.*
[Preprint]

Pitts, J. Brian
(2017)
*Equivalent Theories Redefine Hamiltonian Observables to Exhibit Change in General Relativity.*
Classical and Quantum Gravity, 34.
055008.
ISSN 1361-6382, Print ISSN 0264-9381

Pitts, J. Brian
(2018)
*Equivalent Theories and Changing Hamiltonian Observables in General Relativity.*
Foundations of Physics.

Pitts, J. Brian
(2022)
*First-Class Constraints, Gauge Transformations, de-Ockhamization, and Triviality: Replies to Critics, Or, How (Not) to Get a Gauge Transformation from a Second-Class Primary Constraint.*
[Preprint]

Pitts, J. Brian
(2016)
*Historical and Philosophical Insights about General Relativity and Space-time from Particle Physics.*
New Directions in Logic and the Philosophy of Science: SILFS volume 3.
pp. 291-301.

Pitts, J. Brian
(2017)
*Kant, Schlick and Friedman on Space, Time and Gravity in Light of Three Lessons from Particle Physics.*
Erkenntnis.

Pitts, J. Brian
(2022)
*On Two Slights to Noether's First Theorem: Mental Causation and General Relativity.*
Rethinking the Concept of Laws of Nature: Natural Order in the Light of Contemporary Science.

Pitts, J. Brian
(2017)
*Progress and Gravity: Overcoming Divisions between General Relativity and Particle Physics and between Physics and HPS.*
The Philosophy of Cosmology, Ch. 13.
pp. 263-282.

Pitts, J. Brian
(2017)
*Space-time Constructivism vs. Modal Provincialism: Or, How Special Relativistic Theories Needn't Show Minkowski Chronogeometry.*
[Preprint]

Pitts, J. Brian
(2017)
*Underconsideration in Space-time and Particle Physics.*
[Preprint]

Pitts, J. Brian
(2016)
*What Are Observables in Hamiltonian Theories? Testing Definitions with Empirical Equivalence.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Pitts, J. Brian
(2022)
*What Represents Space-time? And What Follows for Substantivalism vs. Relationalism and Gravitational Energy?*
[Preprint]

Poltorak, Alexander
(2004)
*On the Ontology of Spacetime in a Frame of Reference.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.
(Unpublished)

Pooley, Oliver and Wallace, David
(2022)
*First-class constraints generate gauge transformations in electromagnetism (reply to Pitts).*
[Preprint]

Potters, Jan
(2023)
*Hazy Spots on Photographic Plates: On the Measurement of the Velocity-Dependency of the Electron’s Mass.*
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences, 53 (1).
pp. 1-34.

Price, Huw
(2005)
*Recent Work on the Arrow of Radiation.*
[Preprint]

## R

Read, James
(2022)
*Review of ``On the Ostrogradski Instability; or, Why Physics Really Uses Second Derivatives'', by Noel Swanson.*
[Preprint]

Rickles, Dean
(2011)
*AdS/CFT Duality and the Emergence of Spacetime.*
[Preprint]

Rickles, Dean
(2010)
*The Interpretation of String Dualities.*
[Preprint]

Rickles, Dean
(2010)
*Mirror Symmetry and Other Miracles in Superstring Theory.*
[Preprint]

Rickles, Dean
(2004)
*A New Spin on the Hole Argument.*
[Preprint]

Rickles, Dean
(2004)
*Symmetry & Possibility: To Reduce or not Reduce?*
[Preprint]

Rickles, Dean and Castellani, Elena
(2016)
*Introduction to Special Issue on Dualities.*
[Preprint]

Rivat, Sébastien
(2021)
*Drawing Scales Apart: The Origins of Wilson's Conception of Effective Field Theories.*

Rivat, Sébastien
(2020)
*Effective Theories and Infinite Idealizations: A Challenge for Scientific Realism.*
[Preprint]

Rivat, Sébastien
(2023)
*Wait, Why Gauge?*
[Preprint]

Roberts, Bryan W.
(2022)
*Reversing the Arrow of Time.*
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
ISBN 978-1-009-12332-7

Rosaler, Joshua
(2015)
*Interpretation Neutrality in the Classical Domain of Quantum Theory.*
Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, 53.
pp. 54-72.
ISSN 1355-2198

Rosaler, Joshua and Harlander, Robert
(2019)
*Naturalness, Wilsonian Renormalization, and 'Fundamental Parameters' in Quantum Field Theory.*

Rovelli, Carlo
(2020)
*Gauge Is More Than Mathematical Redundancy.*
[Preprint]

Rovelli, Carlo
(2019)
*Natural discrete differential calculus in physics.*
[Preprint]

## S

Salimkhani, Kian
(2022)
*A Dynamical Perspective on the Arrow of Time.*
[Preprint]

Salimkhani, Kian
(2018)
*Quantum Gravity: A Dogma of Unification?*
Philosophy of Science, 9.
pp. 23-41.
ISSN 2365-4228

Samaroo, Ryan
(2013)
*On Identifying Background-Structure in Classical Field Theories.*
[Preprint]

Samaroo, Ryan
(2015)
*There is No Conspiracy of Inertia.*
[Preprint]

Saunders, Simon
(2001)
*Indiscernibles, General Covariance, and Other Symmetries.*
UNSPECIFIED.
(In Press)

Saunders, Simon
(2020)
*The Concept 'Indistinguishable'.*
[Preprint]

Saunders, Simon
(2013)
*Indistinguishability.*
[Preprint]

Saunders, Simon
(1991)
*The Negative Energy Sea.*
Philosophy of Vacuum.
pp. 65-109.
ISSN 9780198244493

Schindler, Samuel
(2009)
*Bogen and Woodward’s data-phenomena distinction, forms of theory-ladenness, and the reliability of data.*
[Preprint]

Schneider, Mike D.
(2023)
*Empty space and the (positive) cosmological constant.*
[Preprint]

Schroeren, David
(2018)
*The Metaphysics of Invariance.*
[Preprint]

Schroeren, David
(2020)
*Symmetry Fundamentalism: A Case Study from Classical Physics.*
[Preprint]

Shanahan, Daniel
*"Reverse Engineering" the de Broglie Wave.*
UNSPECIFIED.

Sharlow, Mark
(2007)
*"Charge without Charge" in the Stochastic Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics.*
[Preprint]

Sharlow, Mark
(2007)
*Generalizing "Charge without Charge" to Obtain Classical Analogs of Short-Range Interactions.*
[Preprint]

Silagadze, Zurab
(2007)
*Maxwell's demon through the looking glass.*
[Preprint]

Skokowski, Paul
(2022)
*Sensing Qualia.*
Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience, 16 (795405).
pp. 1-16.

Smolin, Lee
(2000)
*The present moment in quantum cosmology: Challenges to the arguments for the elimination of time.*
[Preprint]

Staley, Kent
(2014)
*Pragmatic Warrant for Frequentist Statistical Practice: The Case of High Energy Physics.*
[Preprint]

Staley, Kent
(2016)
*Pragmatic Warrant for Frequentist Statistical Practice: The Case of High Energy Physics.*
Synthese.
ISSN 1573-0964

Staley, Kent
(2016)
*Securing the Empirical Value of Measurement Results.*
[Preprint]

Stergiou, Chrysovalantis
(2020)
*Causal Processes in C*-Algebraic Setting.*
[Preprint]

Stoica, Ovidiu Cristinel
(2024)
*Why the wavefunction already is an object on space.*
[Preprint]

Stoica, Ovidiu Cristinel
(2021)
*World Theory.*
[Preprint]

Strayhorn, David
(2005)
*General Relativity and the Probability Interpretation of Everett’s Relative State Formulation.*
[Preprint]

Struyve, Ward
(2011)
*Gauge invariant accounts of the Higgs mechanism.*
[Preprint]

Struyve, Ward
(2020)
*Time-reversal invariance and ontology.*
[Preprint]

Suárez, Mauricio
(2015)
*Bohmian Dispositions.*
[Preprint]

Swanson, Noel
(2018)
*Deciphering the Algebraic CPT Theorem.*
[Preprint]

Swanson, Noel
(2018)
*Essay Review: CPT Invariance and the Spin-Statistics Connection.*
[Preprint]

## T

Tamir, Michael
(2012)
*Proving the Principle: Taking Geodesic Dynamics too Seriously in Einstein's Theory.*
Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, 43.
pp. 137-154.
ISSN 1355-2198

Taqatqeh, Yousef S.
(2022)
*Mario Bunge and Gustavo Romero on Gravitational Waves and Reality of Space: Towards Neo-Bungean Space(time) Structuralism.*
[Preprint]

Teh, Nicholas
(2017)
*Recovering Recovery: On the relationship between gauge symmetry and Trautman Recovery.*
[Preprint]

Teh, Nicholas and Kapulkin, Chris
(2018)
*BJPS Book Review of "Categories for the Working Philosopher".*
BJPS Book Review of "Categories for the Working Philosopher".

Teh, Nicholas and Schenkel, Alexander and Wells, Laura and Mathieu, Philippe
(2019)
*Homological perspective on edge modes in linear Yang-Mills theory.*
[Preprint]

Tommasini, Daniele
(2002)
*Reality, measurement and locality in Quantum Field Theory.*
[Preprint]

## V

Vassallo, Antonio and Esfeld, Michael
(2016)
*Leibnizian relationalism for general relativistic physics.*
[Preprint]

Versteegh, Marijn A.M. and Dieks, Dennis
(2010)
*The Gibbs Paradox and the Distinguishability of Identical Particles.*
[Preprint]

Vickers, Peter
(2007)
*Frisch, Muller and Belot on an Inconsistency in Classical Electrodynamics.*
[Preprint]

van Dam, Suzanne
*Spontaneous symmetry breaking in the Higgs mechanism.*
.

van Leeuwen, Robert
(2024)
*From S-matrix theory to strings: Scattering data and the commitment to non-arbitrariness.*
Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, 104.
pp. 130-149.
ISSN 0039-3681

## W

Wallace, David
(2014)
*Deflating the Aharonov-Bohm Effect.*
[Preprint]

Wallace, David
(2015)
*Fields as Bodies: a unified presentation of spacetime and internal gauge symmetry.*
[Preprint]

Wallace, David
(2009)
*QFT, Antimatter, and Symmetry.*
[Preprint]

Wallace, David
(2016)
*Who's afraid of coordinate systems? An essay on representation of spacetime structure.*
[Preprint]

Wallace, David and Timpson, Christopher Gordon
(2009)
*Quantum Mechanics on Spacetime I: Spacetime State Realism.*
[Preprint]

Wallace, David
(2016)
*Fundamental and emergent geometry in Newtonian physics.*
[Preprint]

Wallace, David
(2024)
*Gauge Invariance Through Gauge Fixing.*
[Preprint]

Wallace, David
(2021)
*Isolated systems and their symmetries, part II: local and global symmetries of field theories.*
[Preprint]

Wallace, David
(2019)
*Naturalness and Emergence.*
[Preprint]

Wallace, David
(2021)
*Quantum Gravity at Low Energies.*
[Preprint]

Weatherall, James Owen
(2017)
*Conservation, Inertia, and Spacetime Geometry.*
[Preprint]

Wells, James D
(2018)
*Naturalness, Extra-Empirical Theory Assessments, and the Implications of Skepticism.*
[Preprint]

Williams, Porter
(2018)
*Renormalization Group Methods.*
[Preprint]

Williams, Porter
(2018)
*Two Notions of Naturalness.*
[Preprint]

Williams, Porter and Dougherty, John and Miller, Michael
(2023)
*Cluster Decomposition and Two Senses of Isolability.*
[Preprint]

Wüthrich, Adrian
(2012)
*Eating Goldstone bosons in a phase transition: A critical review of Lyre's analysis of the Higgs mechanism.*
[Preprint]

This list was generated on **Thu Aug 8 00:04:11 2024 EDT**.