Number of items at this level: **195**.

## Preprint

Arageorgis, Aristidis and Earman, John
(2017)
*Bohmian Mechanics: A Panacea for What Ails Quantum Mechanics, or a Different and Problematic Theory?*
[Preprint]

Atmanspacher, Harald
(2001)
*Determinism Is Ontic, Determinability is Epistemic.*
[Preprint]

Baker, David John
(2010)
*Symmetry and the Metaphysics of Physics.*
[Preprint]

Baker, David John
(2014)
*Some Consequences of Physics for the Comparative Metaphysics of Quantity.*
[Preprint]

Ballinger, Clint
(2008)
*Classifying Contingency in the Social Sciences: Diachronic, Synchronic, and Deterministic Contingency.*
[Preprint]

Ballinger, Clint
(2008)
*Determinism and the Antiquated Deontology of the Social Sciences.*
[Preprint]

Ballinger, Clint
(2008)
*Determinism and the Antiquated Deontology of the Social Sciences.*
[Preprint]

Barrett, Jeffrey A.
(2016)
*Typicality in Pure Wave Mechanics.*
[Preprint]

Belnap, Nue;
(2003)
*Branching space-time, postprint January, 2003.*
[Preprint]

Belnap, Nuel
(2002)
*Branching histories approach to indeterminism and free will.*
[Preprint]

Belnap, Nuel
(1999)
*Concrete transitions.*
[Preprint]

Belnap, Nuel
(2002)
*EPR-like ``funny business'' in the theory of branching space-times.*
[Preprint]

Belnap, Nuel
(2002)
*No-common-cause EPR-like funny business in branching space-times.*
[Preprint]

Belnap, Nuel and Müller, Thomas
(2013)
*BH-CIFOL: Case-intensional first order logic. (II) Branching histories.*
[Preprint]

Belnap, Nuel and Müller, Thomas
(2012)
*CIFOL: Case-intensional first order logic.
(I) Toward a theory of sorts.*
[Preprint]

Berkovitz, Joseph
(2016)
*On time, causation and explanation in the causally symmetric Bohmian model of quantum mechanics.*
[Preprint]

Besnard, Fabien
(2010)
*Time of Philosophers, Time of Physicists, Time of Mathematicians.*
[Preprint]

Bevers, Brett
(2011)
*Can Many-Worlds Survive a Quantum Doomsday.*
[Preprint]

Bishop, Robert C
(2004)
*Anvil or Onion? Determinism as a Layered Concept.*
[Preprint]

Bishop, Robert C.
(2005)
*Determinism and Indeterminism.*
[Preprint]

Briegel, Hans and Müller, Thomas
(2014)
*A chance for attributable agency.*
[Preprint]

Burock, Marc
(2004)
*Determinism and Causation Examples.*
[Preprint]

Busch, Paul and Jaeger, Gregg
(2010)
*Unsharp Quantum Reality.*
[Preprint]

Butterfield, Jeremy
(2011)
*Laws, Causation and Dynamics at Different Levels.*
[Preprint]

Butterfield, Jeremy
(2012)
*On Time in Quantum Physics.*
[Preprint]

Cahill, Reginald Thomas
(2002)
*Absolute Motion and Quantum Gravity.*
[Preprint]

Chen, Eddy Keming
(2017)
*Time's Arrow in a Quantum Universe I: On the Simplicity and Uniqueness of the Initial Quantum State.*
[Preprint]

Cirkovic, Milan M. and Cveticanin, Suzana
(2002)
*Backward Causation, Isolation and the Pursuit of Justice.*
[Preprint]

Dieks, Dennis
(2016)
*Niels Bohr and the Formalism of Quantum Mechanics.*
[Preprint]

Dorato, Mauro
(2002)
*Determinism, Chance and Freedom.*
[Preprint]

Durham, Ian
(2005)
*Bell's Theorem, Uncertainty, and Conditional Events.*
[Preprint]

E. Szabó, László
(2007)
*Objective probability-like things with and without objective indeterminism.*
[Preprint]

Eagle, Antony
(2004)
*A Causal Theory of Chance?*
[Preprint]

Eagle, Antony
(2005)
*Randomness is Unpredictability.*
[Preprint]

Esfeld, Michael
(2017)
*Why determinism in physics has no implications for free will.*
[Preprint]

Farr, Matt
(2011)
*On A- and B-Theoretic Elements of Branching Spacetimes.*
[Preprint]

Farr, Matt and Reutlinger, Alexander
(2013)
*A Relic of a Bygone Age? Causation, Time Symmetry and the Directionality Argument.*
[Preprint]

Fenton-Glynn, Luke
(2015)
*A Proposed Probabilistic Extension of the Halpern and Pearl Definition of 'Actual Cause'.*
[Preprint]

Fenton-Glynn, Luke
(2014)
*Unsharp Best System Chances.*
[Preprint]

Fletcher, Samuel C.
(2011)
*What Counts as a Newtonian System?
The View from Norton’s Dome.*
[Preprint]

Franceschi, Paul
(2002)
*A Third Route to the Doomsday Argument.*
[Preprint]

Franceschi, Paul
(2002)
*A Third Route to the Doomsday Argument.*
[Preprint]

Franceschi, Paul
(2003)
*A Third Route to the Doomsday Argument.*
[Preprint]

Franceschi, Paul
(2004)
*A Third Route to the Doomsday Argument.*
[Preprint]

Franceschi, Paul
(2004)
*A Third Route to the Doomsday Argument.*
[Preprint]

Frigg, Roman
(2014)
*Chance and Determinism.*
[Preprint]

Fuchs, Christian
(2004)
*Science as a Self-Organizing Meta-Information System.*
[Preprint]

Gao, Shan
(2011)
*Derivation of the Meaning of the Wave Function.*
[Preprint]

Gao, Shan
(2011)
*Interpreting Quantum Mechanics in Terms of Random Discontinuous Motion of Particles.*
[Preprint]

Gao, Shan
(2013)
*Interpreting Quantum Mechanics in Terms of Random Discontinuous Motion of Particles.*
[Preprint]

Gao, Shan
(2014)
*On the reality and meaning of the wave function.*
[Preprint]

Gao, Shan
(2011)
*Protective Measurement and the Meaning of the Wave Function.*
[Preprint]

Gao, Shan
(2011)
*The Wave Function and Its Evolution.*
[Preprint]

Gao, Shan
(2001)
*The basis of indeterminism.*
[Preprint]

Glynn, Luke
(2013)
*Is There High-Level Causation?*
[Preprint]

Glynn, Luke and Dardashti, Radin and Thebault, Karim P Y and Frisch, Mathias
(2013)
*Unsharp Humean Chances in Statistical Physics: A Reply to Beisbart.*
[Preprint]

Glynn, Luke and Kroedel, Thomas
(2013)
*Relativity, Quantum Entanglement, Counterfactuals, and Causation.*
[Preprint]

Harokopos, Efthimios
(2003)
*Virtual Gravity and the Duality of Reality.*
[Preprint]

Harrington, James
(2007)
*Predicate-term negation and the indeterminacy of the future.*
[Preprint]

Harrington, James
(2005)
*Special Relativity and the Future: A Defense of the Point Present.*
[Preprint]

Harrington, James
(2007)
*Tense Logic in Einstein-Minkowski Space-time.*
[Preprint]

Healey, Richard A.
(2014)
*Local Causality, Probability and Explanation.*
[Preprint]

Hemmo, Meir and Shenker, Orly R.
(2010)
*Probability and Typicality in Deterministic Physics.*
[Preprint]

Hoefer, Carl
(2004)
*Causality and Determinism: Tension, or Outright Conflict?*
[Preprint]

Hoefer, Carl
(2007)
*The Third Way on Objective Probability: A Skeptic's Guide to Objective Chance.*
[Preprint]

Huggett, Nick and Vistarini, Tiziana and Wuthrich, Christian
(2012)
*Time in quantum gravity.*
[Preprint]

Hüttemann, Andreas and Reutlinger, Alexander
(2013)
*Against the Statistical Account of Special Science Laws.*
[Preprint]

Kastner, Ruth
(2016)
*The Born Rule and Free Will.*
[Preprint]

Kronz, Fred
(1997)
*Nonseparability and Quantum Chaos.*
[Preprint]

List, Christian
(2015)
*What’s wrong with the consequence argument: In defence of compatibilist libertarianism.*
[Preprint]

List, Christian and Menzies, Peter
(2014)
*My brain made me do it: The exclusion argument against free will, and what’s wrong with it.*
[Preprint]

List, Christian and Pivato, Marcus
(2016)
*Dynamic and stochastic systems as a framework for metaphysics and the philosophy of science.*
[Preprint]

Liu, Chuang
(2006)
*How we can be free from physics.*
[Preprint]

Lusanna, Luca and Pauri, Massimo
(2006)
*Explaining Leibniz equivalence as difference of non-inertial appearances: dis-solution of the Hole Argument and physical individuation of point-events.*
[Preprint]

Lynds, Peter
(2003)
*Zeno's Paradoxes: A Timely Solution.*
[Preprint]
(Unpublished)

Michael, Stöltzner
(2002)
*Vienna Indeterminism II: From Exner's Synthesis to Frank and von Mises.*
[Preprint]

Millstein, Roberta
(2002)
*How Not to Argue for the Indeterminism of Evolution: A Look at Two Recent Attempts to Settle the Issue.*
[Preprint]

Muller, Thomas
(2011)
*Branching space-times, general relativity, the Hausdorff property, and modal consistency.*
[Preprint]

Muller, Thomas
(2007)
*A branching space-times view on quantum error correction.*
[Preprint]

Muller, Thomas and Belnap, Nuel and Kishida, Kohei
(2006)
*Funny business in branching space-times: Infinite modal correlations.*
[Preprint]

Munoz, François and huneman, philippe
(2016)
*From the neutral theory to a comprehensive and multiscale theory of ecological equivalence.*
[Preprint]

Müller, Thomas
(2011)
*Alternatives to histories?
Employing a local notion of modal consistency in branching theories.*
[Preprint]

Müller, Thomas
(2011)
*Branching in the landscape of possibilities.*
[Preprint]

Müller, Thomas
(2011)
*Indeterminism and persistence.*
[Preprint]

Müller, Thomas and Placek, Tomasz
(2015)
*Defining determinism.*
[Preprint]

Müller, Thomas and Briegel, Hans
(2016)
*Stochastic libertarianism:
How to maintain integrity in action without determinism.*
[Preprint]

Norton, John D.
(2003)
*Causation as Folk Science.*
[Preprint]

Norton, John D.
(2006)
*Probability Disassembled.*
[Preprint]

Pashby, Thomas
(2017)
*At what time does a quantum experiment have a result?*
[Preprint]

Pence, Charles H.
(2011)
*The Conflation of "Chance" in Evolution.*
[Preprint]

Pietsch, Wolfgang
(2016)
*Causal Interpretations of Probability.*
[Preprint]

Pitts, J. Brian
(2017)
*Underconsideration in Space-time and Particle Physics.*
[Preprint]

Placek, Tomasz
(2013)
*Branching for general relativists.*
[Preprint]

Placek, Tomasz
(2001)
*Comparative similarity in branching space-times.*
[Preprint]

Placek, Tomasz
(2016)
*Laplace's demon tries on Aristotle's cloak: on two approaches to determinism.*
[Preprint]

Placek, Tomasz
(2009)
*Possibilities without possible worlds/histories.*
[Preprint]

Placek, Tomasz
(2010)
*A locus for ``now''.*
[Preprint]

Placek, Tomasz and Belnap, Nuel and Kishida, Kohei
(2012)
*On topological issues of indeterminism.*
[Preprint]

Placek, Tomasz and Muller, Thomas
(2005)
*Counterfactuals and historical possibility.*
[Preprint]

Primas, Hans
(1999)
*Basic elements and problems of probability theory.*
[Preprint]

Primas, Hans
(2002)
*Hidden Determinism, Probability, and Time's Arrow.*
[Preprint]

Raju, C. K.
(2005)
*Time Travel and the Reality of Spontaneity.*
[Preprint]

Reutlinger, Alexander
(2014)
*Do Statistical Laws Solve the ‘Problem of Provisos’?*
[Preprint]

Rosenthal, Jacob
(2009)
*The Natural-Range Conception of Probability.*
[Preprint]

Saunders, Simon
(2000)
*Tense and Indeterminateness.*
[Preprint]

Saunders, Simon and Wallace, David
(2007)
*Branching and Uncertainty.*
[Preprint]

Saunders, Simon and Wallace, David
(2008)
*Branching and Uncertainty.*
[Preprint]

Saunders, Simon
(2016)
*Chance in the Everett interpretation.*
[Preprint]

Savitt, Steven
(2011)
*Chronogeometrical Determinism and the Local Present.*
[Preprint]

Schurz, Gerhard
(2016)
*Interactive Causes: Revising the Markov Condition.*
[Preprint]

Seevinck, M.P. and Uffink, J.
(2010)
*Not throwing out the baby with the bathwater: Bell's condition of local causality
mathematically 'sharp and clean'.*
[Preprint]

Sharlow, Mark
(2007)
*Yes, We Have Conscious Will.*
[Preprint]

Srinivasan, Radhakrishnan
(2003)
*Comment on "On the logical consistency of special relativity theory and non-Euclidean geometries: Platonism versus formalism".*
[Preprint]

Srinivasan, Radhakrishnan
(2003)
*On the logical consistency of special relativity theory and non-Euclidean geometries: Platonism versus formalism.*
[Preprint]

Stoeltzner, Michael
(2001)
*Bell, Bohm, and von Neumann: Some philosophical inequalities concerning No-go Theorems and the axiomatic method.*
[Preprint]

Stoica, Cristi
(2008)
*Smooth Quantum Mechanics.*
[Preprint]

Stoica, Ovidiu Cristinel
(2008)
*Convergence and free-will.*
[Preprint]

Stoica, Ovidiu Cristinel
(2008)
*A Direct Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics.*
[Preprint]

Stoica, Ovidiu Cristinel
(2008)
*Smooth Quantum Mechanics.*
[Preprint]

Stoica, Ovidiu Cristinel
(2008)
*World Theory.*
[Preprint]

Sutherland, Roderick Ian
(2005)
*Causally Symmetric Bohm Model.*
[Preprint]

Suárez, Mauricio
(2013)
*Interventions and Causality in Quantum Mechanics.*
[Preprint]

Suárez, Mauricio
(2009)
*PROBABILITIES, CAUSES AND PROPENSITIES IN PHYSICS (SYNTHESE LIBRARY, SPRINGER). CHAPTERS 0 & 1 (CONTENTS & INTRODUCTION).*
[Preprint]

Suárez, Mauricio
(2011)
*Propensities and Pragmatism.*
[Preprint]

Suárez, Mauricio and San Pedro, Iñaki
(2009)
*Causal Markov, Robustness and the Quantum Correlations.*
[Preprint]

Suárez, Mauricio
(2017)
*PHYSICAL CHANCE.*
[Preprint]

Szabo, Laszlo E.
(2010)
*What remains of probability?*
[Preprint]

Vaidman, Lev
(2016)
*All is Psi.*
[Preprint]

Vaidman, Lev
(2015)
*Bell Inequality and Many-Worlds Interpretation.*
[Preprint]

Vaidman, Lev
(2014)
*Quantum Theory and Determinism.*
[Preprint]

Weatherall, James Owen
(2015)
*Regarding the "Hole Argument".*
[Preprint]

Werndl, Charlotte
(2015)
*Determinism and Indeterminism.*
[Preprint]

Werndl, Charlotte
(2012)
*Evidence for the Deterministic or the Indeterministic Description? -- A Critique of the Literature about Classical Dynamical Systems.*
[Preprint]

Werndl, Charlotte
(2011)
*On Choosing Between Deterministic and
Indeterministic Models: Underdetermination and Indirect Evidence.*
[Preprint]

Werndl, Charlotte
(2011)
*Probability, Indeterminism and Biological Processes.*
[Preprint]

Werndl, Charlotte
(2016)
*Determinism.*
[Preprint]

Wilson, Mark
(2007)
*Determinism and the Mystery of the Missing Physics.*
[Preprint]

Wronski, Leszek and Placek, Tomasz
(2007)
*On Infinite EPR-like Correlations.*
[Preprint]

Wronski, Leszek and Placek, Tomasz
(2006)
*On Minkowskian Branching Structures.*
[Preprint]

Wuthrich, Christian
(2010)
*Can the world be shown to be indeterministic after all?*
[Preprint]

Zahedi, Ramin (A.)
(2015)
*On Discrete Physics (Digital Philosophy/Digital Cosmology) and the Cellular Automaton: A Perfect Mathematical Deterministic Structure for Reality – as A Huge Computational Simulation.*
[Preprint]

Švarný, Petr
(2012)
*Wally axiomatics of Branching Continuations.*
[Preprint]

Švarný, Petr
(2016)
*A Copernican turn in temporal logics.*
[Preprint]

## Conference or Workshop Item

Abrams, Marshall
(2009)
*Toward a Mechanistic Interpretation of Probability.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Arsenijevic, Milos
(2016)
*Truth and the Open Future: The Solution to Aristotle's Sea Battle Challenge with the Principle of Bivalence Retained.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Drouet, Isabelle
(2008)
*Is determinism more favorable than indeterminism for the causal Markov condition?*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Fenton-Glynn, Luke
(2016)
*Probabilistic Actual Causation.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Gildenhuys, Peter
(2014)
*Probability in Classical Population Genetics.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Hall, Melinda
(2013)
*Mere Deviation, Critically Assessing Prenatal Testing.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Kistler, Max
(2007)
*Mechanisms and Downward Causation.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Korolev, Alexandre
(2007)
*The Norton-Type Lipschitz-Indeterministic Systems and Elastic Phenomena: Indeterminism as an Artefact of Infinite Idealizations.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Malament, David
(2007)
*Norton's Slippery Slope.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Martin, Joseph D
(2012)
*Is the Contingentist/Inevitabilist Debate a Matter of Degrees?*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Müller, Thomas
(2013)
*A generalized manifold topology for branching space-times.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Norton, John D.
(2006)
*The Dome: An Unexpectedly Simple Failure of Determinism.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Norton, John D.
(2006)
*Induction without Probabilities.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Norton, John D.
(2009)
*The Inductive Significance of Observationally Indistinguishable Spacetimes.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Rescher, Nicholas
(2008)
*Underdetermination.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Shavit, Ayelet
(2014)
*You Can't Go Home Again - or Can you? 'Replication' Indeterminacy and 'Location' Incommensurability in Three Biological Re-Surveys.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Werndl, Charlotte
(2011)
*Observational Equivalence of Deterministic and Indeterministic Descriptions and the Role of Different Observations.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

## Published Article or Volume

Charlotte, Werndl
(2011)
*On the Observational Equivalence of Continuous-Time Deterministic and Indeterministic Descriptions.*
European Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 1 (2).
pp. 193-225.

Cuffaro, Michael
(2010)
*The Kantian framework of complementarity.*
Studies In History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies In History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, 41 (4).
pp. 309-317.

Gibran, Ben
(2014)
*Causal realism in the philosophy of mind.*
Essays in Philosophy, 15 (2).
ISSN 1526-0569

Glynn, Luke
(2010)
*Deterministic Chance.*
British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 61 (1).
pp. 51-80.

Glynn, Luke
(2011)
*A Probabilistic Analysis of Causation.*
British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 62 (2).
pp. 343-392.

Glynn, Luke
(2011)
*REVIEW OF D. H. Mellor, 'The Matter of Chance'.*
British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 62 (4).
pp. 899-906.

Hoefer, Carl
(2016)
*Objective chance: not propensity, maybe determinism.*
Lato Sensu, revue de la Société de philosophie des sciences, 3 (1).
pp. 31-42.
ISSN 2295-8029

Jabs, Arthur
(2017)
*A conjecture concerning determinism, reduction, and measurement in quantum mechanics.*
arXiv.
pp. 1-21.

List, Christian
(2014)
*Free Will, Determinism, and the Possibility of Doing Otherwise.*
Noûs, 48 (1).
pp. 156-178.

List, Christian and Pivato, Marcus
(2015)
*Emergent Chance.*
Philosophical Review, 124 (1).
pp. 119-152.

López-Corredoira, Martín
(2016)
*Against free will in the contemporary natural sciences.*
Free Will: Interpretations, Implementations and Assessments.

Osimani, Barbara
(2014)
*Causing something to be one way rather than another: Genetic Information, causal specificity and the relevance of linear order.*
Kybernetes, 43 (6).
pp. 865-881.

Pitts, J. Brian
(2011)
*Permanent Underdetermination from Approximate Empirical Equivalence in Field Theory: Massless and Massive Scalar Gravity, Neutrino, Electromagnetic, Yang-Mills and Gravitational Theories.*
The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science , 62.
pp. 259-299.

Pitts, J. Brian
(2017)
*Kant, Schlick and Friedman on Space, Time and Gravity in Light of Three Lessons from Particle Physics.*
Erkenntnis.

Placek, Tomasz and Belnap, Nuel
(2011)
*Indeterminism is a modal notion: branching spacetimes and Earman’s pruning.*
Synthese.
ISSN 1573-0964

Rosaler, Joshua
(2015)
*Interpretation Neutrality in the Classical Domain of Quantum Theory.*
Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, 53.
pp. 54-72.
ISSN 1355-2198

San Pedro, Iñaki
(2012)
*Many worlds: quantum theory and reality?*
Analysis, 72 (2).
pp. 386-395.
ISSN 0003-2638

Wronski, Leszek
(2012)
*Branching Space-Times and Parallel Processing.*
H. Andersen et al. (eds.), New Challenges to Philosophy of Science, The Philosophy of Science in a European Perspective, 4.
pp. 135-148.

Švarný, Petr
(2013)
*Flow of Time in BST/BCONT Models and Related Semantical Observations.*
The Logica Yearbook 2012.
pp. 199-218.

## Other

Alemañ-Berenguer, Rafael-Andrés
(2008)
*Quantum Mechanics versus Special Relativity: A forgotten conflict.*
UNSPECIFIED.

Ballinger, Clint
*Determinism and the Antiquated Deontology of the
Social Sciences.*
Working paper.

Bitbol, Michel
(1998)
*SOME STEPS TOWARDS A TRANSCENDENTAL DEDUCTION OF QUANTUM MECHANICS.*
UNSPECIFIED.

Bitbol, Michel, Guy, Simon
(1991)
*PERSPECTIVAL REALISM AND QUANTUM MECHANICS.*
UNSPECIFIED.

Colanero, Klaus
*Decoherence and definite outcomes.*
University of Florence, Italy.

Eagle, Antony
(2003)
*Pragmatic Causation.*
UNSPECIFIED.
(Unpublished)

Goetzke, Hanns Hagen
*Einstein's Hole Argument and its Legacy.*
UNSPECIFIED.

Harokopos, Efthimios
(2003)
*A Critique of Recent Claims of a Solution to Zeno’s Paradoxes.*
UNSPECIFIED.
(Unpublished)

Hoefer, Carl
(2005)
*The Third Way on Objective Probability: A Skeptic's Guide to Objective Chance.*
UNSPECIFIED.
(Unpublished)

Le Bihan, Soazig
(2008)
*Understanding Quantum Phenomena.*
UNSPECIFIED.

Liu, Chuang
(2002)
*Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking and Chance.*
UNSPECIFIED.
(Unpublished)

Millstein, Roberta L.
(2000)
*Is the Evolutionary Process Deterministic or Indeterministic? An Argument for Agnosticism.*
UNSPECIFIED.

Seevinck, M.P.
(2008)
*Parts and Wholes. An Inquiry into Quantum and Classical Correlations.*
UNSPECIFIED.

Sutherland, Roderick Ian
(2006)
*Causally Symmetric Bohm Model.*
UNSPECIFIED.

Wilson, Alastair
(2006)
*Modal Metaphysics and the Everett Interpretation.*
UNSPECIFIED.
(Unpublished)

Zatti, Mario
(2001)
*Harmony and beauty, disease and suffering.*
UNSPECIFIED.
(Unpublished)

This list was generated on **Sun Dec 10 19:12:08 2017 EST**.