Number of items at this level: **197**.

## Preprint

Abbott, Russ
(2008)
*The reductionist blind spot.*
[Preprint]

Abbott, Russ
(2009)
*The reductionist blind spot.*
[Preprint]

Andersen, Holly
(2016)
*What Would Hume Say? Regularities, Laws, and Mechanisms.*
[Preprint]

Atkinson, David
(2006)
*A Relativistic Zeno Effect.*
[Preprint]

Backmann, Marius and Reutlinger, Alexander
(2014)
*Better Best Systems – Too Good To Be True.*
[Preprint]

Ballinger, Clint
(2008)
*Initial Conditions and the ‘Open Systems’ Argument against Laws of Nature.*
[Preprint]

Belot, Gordon
(2016)
*Undermined.*
[Preprint]

Binder, Bernd
(2003)
*A Natural Mass Unit Hidden in the Planck Action Quantum.*
[Preprint]

Binder, Bernd
(2003)
*Natural Nonlinear Quantum Units and Human Artificial Linear System of Units.*
[Preprint]

Bishop, Robert
(2011)
*Fluid Convection, Constraint and Causation.*
[Preprint]

Bod, Rens
(2004)
*Explaining New Phenomena in Terms of Previous Phenomena.*
[Preprint]

Bogen, Jim
(2001)
*What We Talk About When We Talk About Causality.*
[Preprint]

Callender, Craig
(2004)
*Measures, Explanations and the Past: Should 'Special' Initial Conditions be Explained?*
[Preprint]

Callender, Craig
(2014)
*One World, One Beable.*
[Preprint]

Cei, Angelo and French, Steven
(2010)
*Getting Away from Governance: A Structuralist Approach to Laws and Symmetries.*
[Preprint]

Cirkovic, Milan
(2002)
*The Thermodynamical Arrow of Time: Reinterpreting the Boltzmann-Schuetz Argument.*
[Preprint]

Curiel, Erik
(2014)
*Are Classical Black Holes Hot or Cold?*
[Preprint]

Curiel, Erik
(2014)
*Classical Black Holes Are Hot.*
[Preprint]

Curiel, Erik
(2014)
*If Metrical Structure Were Not Dynamical, Counterfactuals in
General Relativity Would Be Easy.*
[Preprint]

Curiel, Erik
(2014)
*A Primer on Energy Conditions.*
[Preprint]

Curiel, Erik
(2016)
*A Simple Proof of the Uniqueness of the Einstein Field Equation
in All Dimensions.*
[Preprint]

Davies, E Brian
(2007)
*The Mechanical Philosophy 1660 - 1675.*
[Preprint]

Davies, E Brian
(2006)
*Scientific Understanding.*
[Preprint]

Dorato, Mauro
(2015)
*The physical world as a blob: is OSR really realism?*
[Preprint]

Dorato, Mauro and Esfeld, Michael
(2009)
*GRW as an ontology of dispositions.*
[Preprint]

Dorato, Mauro and Esfeld, Michael
(2014)
*The metaphysics of laws:
dispositionalism vs. primitivism.*
[Preprint]

Dorato, Mauro and Laudisa, Federico
(2014)
*Realism and instrumentalism about the wave function. How should we choose?*
[Preprint]

Ducheyne, Steffen
(2006)
*Lessons From Galileo: The Pragmatic Model of Shared Characteristics of Scientific Representation.*
[Preprint]

Ducheyne, Steffen
(2005)
*Mathematical Models in Newton’s Principia: A New View of the “Newtonian Style”.*
[Preprint]

Egg, Matthias and Esfeld, Michael
(2014)
*Primitive ontology and quantum state in the GRW matter density theory.*
[Preprint]

Ellerman, David
(2014)
*Partitions and Objective Indefiniteness in Quantum Mechanics.*
[Preprint]

Esfeld, Michael
(2014)
*Quantum Humeanism, or: physicalism without properties.*
[Preprint]

Farr, Matt
(2011)
*On A- and B-Theoretic Elements of Branching Spacetimes.*
[Preprint]

Farr, Matt and Reutlinger, Alexander
(2013)
*A Relic of a Bygone Age? Causation, Time Symmetry and the Directionality Argument.*
[Preprint]

Fenton-Glynn, Luke
(2014)
*Unsharp Best System Chances.*
[Preprint]

Fleming, Gordon / N
(2011)
*On the Quantum Deviations from Einstein Dilation of Unstable
Quanton* Decay Evolution and Lifetimes.*
[Preprint]

French, Steven
(2016)
*Building Bridges with the Right Tools: Modality and the Standard Model.*
[Preprint]

French, Steven
(2015)
*Doing Away with Dispositions: Powers in the Context of Modern Physics.*
[Preprint]

French, Steven and McKenzie, Kerry
(2011)
*Thinking Outside the Toolbox: Towards a More Productive Engagement Between Metaphysics and Philosophy of Physics.*
[Preprint]

Gao, Shan
(2014)
*Notes on the ontology of Bohmian mechanics.*
[Preprint]

Gao, Shan
(2013)
*Space-time, relativity and quantum mechanics: In search of a deeper connection.*
[Preprint]

Gao, Shan
(2013)
*Three possible implications of spacetime discreteness.*
[Preprint]

Gao, Shan
(2011)
*The Wave Function and Its Evolution.*
[Preprint]

Gao, Shan
(2001)
*The basis of indeterminism.*
[Preprint]

Gildenhuys, Peter
(2008)
*Causal Equations without Ceteris Paribus Clauses.*
[Preprint]

Glynn, Luke
(2013)
*Is There High-Level Causation?*
[Preprint]

Glynn, Luke and Dardashti, Radin and Thebault, Karim P Y and Frisch, Mathias
(2013)
*Unsharp Humean Chances in Statistical Physics: A Reply to Beisbart.*
[Preprint]

Gomori, Marton and Szabo, Laszlo E.
(2011)
*Is the relativity principle consistent with classical electrodynamics? Towards a logico-empiricist reconstruction of a physical theory.*
[Preprint]

Gomori, Marton and Szabo, Laszlo E.
(2009)
*Is the relativity principle consistent with electrodynamics? Towards a logico-empiricist reconstruction of a physical theory.*
[Preprint]

Gomori, Marton and Szabo, Laszlo E.
(2009)
*Is the relativity principle consistent with electrodynamics? Towards a logico-empiricist reconstruction of a physical theory.*
[Preprint]

Grandpierre, Attila
(2002)
*The Fundamental Principles of Existence and the Origin of Physical Laws.*
[Preprint]

Grandpierre, Attila
(2002)
*The Fundamental Principles of Existence and the Origin of Physical Laws.*
[Preprint]

Greenstein, Noah
(2015)
*General Relativistic Biology.*
[Preprint]

Groisman, Berry
(2007)
*What is Dialectic? Some remarks on Popper’s criticism.*
[Preprint]

Harokopos, Efthimios
(2003)
*Virtual Gravity and the Duality of Reality.*
[Preprint]

Hoefer, Carl
(2004)
*Causality and Determinism: Tension, or Outright Conflict?*
[Preprint]

Hoefer, Carl
(2003)
*Humean Effective Strategies.*
[Preprint]

Hoefer, Carl
(2007)
*The Third Way on Objective Probability: A Skeptic's Guide to Objective Chance.*
[Preprint]

Holster, Andrew
(2004)
*Time Flow Physics: Introduction to a unified theory based on time flow.*
[Preprint]

Hubert, Mario
(2015)
*Quantity of Matter or Intrinsic Property: Why Mass Cannot Be Both.*
[Preprint]

Huggett, Nick
(2002)
*Mirror Symmetry: What is it for Relational Space to be Orientable?*
[Preprint]

Hüttemann, Andreas and Reutlinger, Alexander
(2013)
*Against the Statistical Account of Special Science Laws.*
[Preprint]

Iurato, Giuseppe
(2013)
*Some historical aspects concerning the rise of
the first exact measurements of the anomalous
magnetic moment of the muon.*
[Preprint]

Iurato, Giuseppe
(2014)
*The emergence of resonance dual models: a first look at some early historical prolegomena of a related formal technique.*
[Preprint]

Kallfelz, William
*Ontic Structural Realism, Information, and Natural Necessity: Where Naturalism and Analytic Metaphysics Can Find Common Ground.*
[Preprint]

Kantorovich, Aharon
(2006)
*Particles vs. Structures: Weak Ontic Structuralism.*
[Preprint]

Kimpton-Nye, Samuel
(2016)
*Dispositional Best Systems Laws.*
[Preprint]

Laudisa, Federico
(2015)
*Laws are not descriptions.*
[Preprint]

Lipkin, Arkadiy
(2012)
*The “Object Theoretic Operational” View of Natural Science.*
[Preprint]

Lisker, Roy
(2002)
*On Counter-Intuitive Science.*
[Preprint]
(Unpublished)

List, Christian and Pivato, Marcus
(2016)
*Dynamic and stochastic systems as a framework for metaphysics and the philosophy of science.*
[Preprint]

Liu, Chuang
(2006)
*How we can be free from physics.*
[Preprint]

Lyre, Holger
(2009)
*Humean Perspectives on Structural Realism.*
[Preprint]

Lyre, Holger
(2009)
*The “Multirealization” of Multiple Realizability.*
[Preprint]

Lyre, Holger
(2011)
*Structural Invariants, Structural Kinds, Structural Laws.*
[Preprint]

Majid, Shahn
(2007)
*Algebraic Approach to Quantum Gravity: relative realism.*
[Preprint]

Maxwell, Nicholas
(2012)
*Has Science Established that the Cosmos is Physically Comprehensible?*
[Preprint]

McKenzie, Kerry
(2014)
*Review of 'Metaphysics and Science', eds. Stephen Mumford and Matthew Tugby.*
[Preprint]

Mohrhoff, Ulrich J.
(2014)
*First-Person Plural Quantum Mechanics.*
[Preprint]

Muller, F.A. and Seevinck, M.P.
(2009)
*Discerning Elementary Particles.*
[Preprint]

Munoz, François and huneman, philippe
(2016)
*From the neutral theory to a comprehensive and multiscale theory of ecological equivalence.*
[Preprint]

Nasmith, Benjamin B
(2011)
*Presentism in a World Denied Instantaneous Signals.*
[Preprint]

Pemberton, John M. and Cartwright, Nancy
(2014)
*Ceteris paribus laws need machines to generate them.*
[Preprint]

Pombo, Claudia
(2015)
*Differentiation with stratification: a principle of theoretical physics in the tradition of the memory art.*
[Preprint]

Primas, Hans
(2003)
*Time-Entanglement Between Mind and Matter.*
[Preprint]

Psillos, Stathis
(2015)
*Broken structuralism.*
[Preprint]

Psillos, Stathis and Ioannidis, Stavros
(2016)
*Mechanisms, counterfactuals and laws.*
[Preprint]

Punin, Peter
(2016)
*Group-theoretic Atemporality in Physics
and its Boundaries
(Another look at reversibility, irreversibility, and their philosophical implications).*
[Preprint]

ROVELLI, Carlo
(2015)
*Is Time’s Arrow Perspectival?*
[Preprint]

Reutlinger, Alexander
(2013)
*Can Interventionists be Neo-Russellians? Interventionism, the Open Systems Argument and the Arrow of Entropy.*
[Preprint]

Reutlinger, Alexander
(2014)
*Do Statistical Laws Solve the ‘Problem of Provisos’?*
[Preprint]

Reutlinger, Alexander
(2012)
*Getting Rid of Interventions.*
[Preprint]

Reutlinger, Alexander
(2016)
*Does the Counterfactual Theory of Explanation Apply to Non-Causal Explanations in Metaphysics?*
[Preprint]

Rickles, Dean
(2008)
*Econophysics and Financial Market Complexity.*
[Preprint]

Roberts, John
(2009)
*Laws about Frequencies.*
[Preprint]

Roberts, John
(2008)
*A Puzzle about Laws, Symmetries and Measurability.*
[Preprint]

Roberts, John
(2009)
*Some Laws of Nature are Metaphysically Contingent.*
[Preprint]

Roberts, John T.
(2009)
*Laws About Frequencies.*
[Preprint]

Saunders, Simon
(2013)
*Rethinking Newton's Principia.*
[Preprint]

Scholz, Erhard
(2014)
*Paving the way for transitions --- a case for Weyl geometry.*
[Preprint]

Scholz, Erhard
(2016)
*Weyl's search for a difference between `physical'
and `mathematical' automorphisms.*
[Preprint]

Schrenk, Markus
(2014)
*Better Best Systems and the Issue of CP-Laws.*
[Preprint]

Scoular, Spencer
(2013)
*The Universal Arrow of Time.*
[Preprint]

Seevinck, M.P.
(2010)
*Can quantum theory and special relativity peacefully coexist?*
[Preprint]

Seevinck, M.P. and Uffink, J.
(2010)
*Not throwing out the baby with the bathwater: Bell's condition of local causality
mathematically 'sharp and clean'.*
[Preprint]

Smart, Benjamin T H and Thebault, Karim P Y
(2015)
*Dispositions and the Principle of Least Action Revisited.*
[Preprint]

Soltau, Andrew
(2011)
*Times Two.*
[Preprint]

Spurrett, David Jon
(2000)
*Cartwright on Laws and Composition.*
[Preprint]

Stein, Howard
(2014)
*Newton: Philosophy of Inquiry and Metaphysics of Nature.*
[Preprint]

Stemmer, Nathan
(2004)
*THE GOODMAN PARADOX: THREE DIFFERENT PROBLEMS AND A NATURALISTIC SOLUTION TO TWO OF THEM.*
[Preprint]

Stenger, Victor J.
(2007)
*Where do the laws of physics come from?*
[Preprint]

Sterrett, Susan G.
(2001)
*Physical Models and Fundamental Laws: Using One Piece of the World to Tell About Another (Pavia MBR'01 version).*
[Preprint]

Stoica, Ovidiu Cristinel
(2008)
*World Theory.*
[Preprint]

Székely, Gergely
(2008)
*On Why-Questions in Physics.*
[Preprint]

Terekhovich, Vladislav E.
(2015)
*Modal approaches in metaphysics and quantum mechanics.*
[Preprint]

Thebault, Karim P Y and Smart, Benjamin T H
(2013)
*On the Metaphysics of Least Action.*
[Preprint]

Tosh, Nick
(2014)
*Finite frequentism in a big world.*
[Preprint]

Vaidman, Lev
(2016)
*All is Psi.*
[Preprint]

Wheeler, Billy
(2015)
*Idealization, Lossy Compression and the Laws of Physics.*
[Preprint]

Wheeler, Billy
(2014)
*Laws, Natural Properties and Algorithmic Compression.*
[Preprint]

Woodward, James
(2014)
*Interventionism and the Missing Metaphysics: A Dialog.*
[Preprint]

Woodward, James
(2011)
*Laws, Causes, and Invariance.*
[Preprint]

Zahedi, Ramin (A.)
(2015)
*On Discrete Physics (Digital Philosophy/Digital Cosmology) and the Cellular Automaton: A Perfect Mathematical Deterministic Structure for Reality – as A Huge Computational Simulation.*
[Preprint]

huneman, philippe
(2006)
*Evolutionary theory in philosophical focus.*
[Preprint]

## Conference or Workshop Item

Abrams, Marshall
(2006)
*How Do Natural Selection and Random Drift Interact?*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Belkind, Ori
(2016)
*On Newtonian Induction.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

BenDaniel, David Jacob
(2011)
*Constructibility in Quantum Mechanics.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Boumans, Marcel
(2004)
*Measurement Outside the Laboratory.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.
(Unpublished)

Boumans, Marcel
(2004)
*Measurement outside the laboratory.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.
(Unpublished)

Brading, Katherine
(2011)
*Unity and change in Newton's physics.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Cohen, Jonathan and Callender, Craig
(2009)
*Special Sciences, Conspiracy and the Better Best System Account of Lawhood.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Dizadji-Bahmani, Foad and Bradley, Seamus
(2014)
*Lewis' Account of Counterfactuals is Incongruent with Lewis' Account of Laws of Nature.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Fenton-Glynn, Luke
(2014)
*Ceteris Paribus Laws and Minutis Rectis Laws.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Ford, Sharon R
(2009)
*The Viability of a Pure-Power Ontology.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Frisch, Mathias
(2010)
*From Arbuthnot to Boltzmann: The Past-hypothesis, Special Sciences and the Best System.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Griesel, Carsten
(2008)
*The Type-Token Distinction and the Mind and Brain Sciences.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Hartmann, Bruno
(2013)
*Physical Determination of the Action.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Jantzen, Benjamin
(2013)
*Dynamics, Symmetry, and the Levels of Selection.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Johansson, Ingvar
(2014)
*Constancy and Circularity in the SI.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Kowalenko, Robert
(2007)
*A Curve-Fitting Approach to Ceteris Paribus-Laws.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Linquist, Stefan
(2015)
*Against Lawton’s contingency thesis, or, why the reported demise of community ecology is greatly exaggerated.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Molnár, Attila and Székely, Gergely
(2013)
*Axiomatizing Relativistic Dynamics using Formal Thought Experiments.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Nelson, William
(2013)
*Local and global definitions of time: Cosmology and quantum theory.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Nissan-Rozen, Ittay
(2014)
*Contrastive explanations, crystal balls and the inadmissibility of historical information.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Pietsch, Wolfgang
(2013)
*Big Data – The New Science of Complexity.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Reutlinger, Alexander
(2010)
*A Theory of Non-Universal Laws.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Roberts, Bryan W.
(2015)
*Three Merry Roads to T-Violation.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Rouse, Joseph
(2016)
*Mechanisms as Modal Patterns.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

Wilson, Brad
(2009)
*From Laws to Models and Mechanisms: Ecology in the Twentieth Century.*
In: UNSPECIFIED.

## Published Article or Volume

Allori, Valia
(2015)
*Maxwell's Paradox: the Metaphysics of Classical Electrodynamics and its Time-Reversal Invariance.*
[Published Article or Volume]

Andersen, Holly
(2011)
*Mechanisms, Laws, and Regularities.*
[Published Article or Volume]

Berkovitz, Joseph
(2012)
*On Supernatural Miracles and Laws of Nature.*
[Published Article or Volume]

Bitbol, Michel
(2011)
*Traces of Objectivity: Causality and Probabilities in Quantum Physics.*
[Published Article or Volume]

Dorato, Mauro
(2012)
*Mathematical biology and the existence of biological laws.*
[Published Article or Volume]

Dorato, Mauro
(2011)
*TRUTH, LAWS AND THE PROGRESS OF SCIENCE.*
[Published Article or Volume]

Filomeno, Aldo
(2016)
*Fundamentality, Effectiveness and Objectivity of Gauge Symmetries.*
[Published Article or Volume]

Gijsbers, Victor
(2014)
*Unification as a Measure of Natural Classification.*
[Published Article or Volume]

Glynn, Luke
(2010)
*Deterministic Chance.*
[Published Article or Volume]

Huber, Franz
(2011)
*Lewis Causation Is a Special Case of Spohn Causation.*
[Published Article or Volume]

Huber, Franz
(2012)
*Review of Wolfgang Spohn, The Laws of Belief: Ranking Theory and Its Philosophical Applications (Oxford University Press 2012).*
[Published Article or Volume]

Huber, Franz
(2013)
*Structural Equations and Beyond.*
[Published Article or Volume]

Hüttemann, Andreas
(2014)
*Scientific Practice and Necessary Connections.*
[Published Article or Volume]

Kroedel, Thomas and Huber, Franz
(2013)
*Counterfactual Dependence and Arrow.*
[Published Article or Volume]

Psillos, Stathis
(2014)
*Regularities, Natural Patterns and Laws of Nature.*
[Published Article or Volume]

Raerinne, Jani and Baedke, Jan
(2015)
*Exclusions, Explanations, and Exceptions: On the Causal and Lawlike Status of the Competitive Exclusion Principle.*
[Published Article or Volume]

Reutlinger, Alexander
(2011)
*A Theory of Non-Universal Laws.*
[Published Article or Volume]

Reutlinger, Alexander and Schurz, Gerhard and Hüttemann, Andreas
(2011)
*Ceteris Paribus Laws.*
[Published Article or Volume]

Schrenk, Markus
(2007)
*Can Capacities rescue us from cp Laws.*
[Published Article or Volume]

Schrenk, Markus
(2010)
*From Reductionist Semantics to a Realist Ontology of Dispositions.*
[Published Article or Volume]

Schrenk, Markus
(2011)
*Interfering with Nomological Necessity.*
[Published Article or Volume]

Schrenk, Markus
(2010)
*The Powerlessness of Necessity.*
[Published Article or Volume]

Shanahan, Daniel
(2014)
*A Case for Lorentzian Relativity.*
[Published Article or Volume]

Shanahan, Daniel
(2014)
*A Case for Lorentzian Relativity.*
[Published Article or Volume]

Szabo, Laszlo E.
(2012)
*Mathematical Facts in a Physicalist Ontology.*
[Published Article or Volume]

Tamir, Michael
(2012)
*Proving the Principle: Taking Geodesic Dynamics too Seriously in Einstein's Theory.*
[Published Article or Volume]

Terekhovich, Vladislav E.
(2012)
*Probabilistic and Geometric Languages in the Context of the Principle of Least Action.*
[Published Article or Volume]

Weber, Erik and Lefevere, Merel
(2014)
*The Role of Unification in Micro-Explanations of Physical Laws.*
[Published Article or Volume]

Wheeler, Billy
(2016)
*Simplicity, Language-Dependency and the Best System Account of Laws.*
[Published Article or Volume]

schrenk, markus
(2010)
*ANTIDOTES FOR DISPOSITIONAL ESSENTIALISM.*
[Published Article or Volume]

schrenk, markus
(2006)
*A Lewisian Theory for Special Science Laws.*
[Published Article or Volume]

## Other

Bitbol, Michel
(1998)
*SOME STEPS TOWARDS A TRANSCENDENTAL DEDUCTION OF QUANTUM MECHANICS.*
UNSPECIFIED.

Bitbol, Michel, Guy, Simon
(1991)
*PERSPECTIVAL REALISM AND QUANTUM MECHANICS.*
UNSPECIFIED.

Butterfield, Jeremy
(2014)
*Our Mathematical Universe?*
The Mathematics Millennium Project (U.K.), Cambridge, U.K..

Chakalov, Dimi
(2005)
*Are Gravitational Waves Directly Observable?*
UNSPECIFIED.
(Unpublished)

Grandpierre, Attila
(2003)
*The Dynamics of Time and Timelessness: Philosophy, Physics and Prospects for our Life.*
UNSPECIFIED.

Hoefer, Carl
(2005)
*The Third Way on Objective Probability: A Skeptic's Guide to Objective Chance.*
UNSPECIFIED.
(Unpublished)

Lavenda, B.H.
(2001)
*Relativistic Thermodynamics and the Classical Model of the Electron.*
UNSPECIFIED.
(Unpublished)

Liu, Chuang
(2001)
*Approximations, Idealizations, and Models in Statistical Mechanics.*
UNSPECIFIED.
(Unpublished)

Liu, Chuang
(2001)
*Laws and Models in a Theory of Idealization.*
UNSPECIFIED.
(Unpublished)

Muller, F.A.
(2003)
*The Deep Black Sea: Observability and Modality Afloat.*
UNSPECIFIED.
(In Press)

Pashby, Thomas
(2014)
*Time and the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics.*
University of Pittsburgh.

Roberts, John T.
(2009)
*Laws About Frequencies.*
UNSPECIFIED.

Schliesser, Eric
(2008)
*Newtonian Emanation, Spinozism, Measurement, and the Baconian Origins of the Laws of Nature.*
UNSPECIFIED.

Szabó, László E.
(2003)
*On the meaning of Lorentz covariance.*
UNSPECIFIED.

Vaas, Ruediger
(2006)
*Dark Energy And Life's Ultimate Future.*
UNSPECIFIED.

Wilson, Alastair
(2006)
*Modal Metaphysics and the Everett Interpretation.*
UNSPECIFIED.
(Unpublished)

Wilson, Jessica
*Metaphysical Emergence: Weak and Strong.*
unpublished stable ms..

This list was generated on **Sun Sep 25 07:52:44 2016 EDT**.